How to install and connect an electric hob and oven
The built-in hob, including gas, is connected to a separately selected electrolyte with grounding and an outlet that withstands current within 32-40 A. The cable used must have three copper veins with a cross section of at least 4 mm2. City apartments mainly use gas or combined hobs. Induction or heating panels, as a rule, are installed in houses where there is no way to connect to the gas line.
A hob cabinet, in which, instead of an oven, boxes are provided
Connection of an electric stove
If there are even minimal knowledge in electrical engineering and compliance with safety precautions, independent connecting the hob will not be difficult. Before you integrate the technique, you must first mark the countertop, bring a separate electrolyte with grounding and only then proceed to installation and accession to the network. In the instructions that are included with household appliances, there is a scheme on how to connect a hob to the mains.
The tools necessary for installing the hob
First, mark the countertop in accordance with the dimensions indicated in the instructions for the hob. Then we drill four holes in the corners and cut the opening using an electrician. The edges of the sawn are well lubricate with silicone to prevent swelling in the event of moisture.
Marking the countertop for inserting the hob on the example of the Electrolux EHL 98840 FG (EHL98840FG) induction stove, after the cutout is made, it is recommended to treat the surface with a sealant so that the countertop does not swell from the possible moisture hit
Let’s consider this procedure in more detail. First of all, it is necessary to carry out a separate electrolyte from the shield and make a socket.
|Illustration||Description of the action|
|The height of the outlet from the floor surface should not exceed 900 mm. If it is impossible to make hidden wiring, the cable can be laid in a special mounting box.|
|We remove the cable from the hob in the electrical panel and connect to a separate machine and the ground circuit.|
|Install the socket and clean the ends of the wires.|
|Insert the cleaned wires into the socket terminals and clamp the contacts.|
|Install a socket in a socket.|
|In a similar way, connect the hob fork. Observe the steaminess of the wires, t.e. If the brown wire (“phase”) on the outlet is connected on the left, and the blue (“zero”) on the right, then the same location must be observed on the fork.|
|Since we connect the hob to a single.phase network by 220 V, then select the upper circuit engraved on the surface of the device.|
|With the help of copper or brass jumpers, which are included with the panel, we connect contacts 1, 2 and 3 to each other. “phase” and 4, 5. “zero”. We connect the wires to the terminals in accordance with the color designation.|
|Close the terminal box on the hob.|
|Install the hob in the cutout, supply power and check the operation of the device. On this installation and connecting the hob can be considered completed.|
Connection of a gas hob
When marking the cutout for gas household appliances, it should be borne in mind that from the wall to the edge of the device should be at least 55 mm. The insert into the countertop of the hobal surface occurs in the same way as in the above cases. Connection to the gas pipe should be carried out by an employee of the relevant service, unless, of course, you want to pay a solid fine subsequently and receive a dismissal order. But the electric part can be performed independently.
Installation of the hob
The installation of the electric hob is carried out in compliance with the general requirements, regardless of the type of heating element using the high frequency induction field or heating due to the resistance to the electric current. In the external design, these types of devices are almost indistinguishable, therefore, the same tools and consumables are used in the kitchen for their installation. If we talk about electrical panels of any kind, then they will all be built into furniture. Those devices that are located on the surface of the furniture are called electric plates without an oven. Consider the process how they are installed, we will not.
How to install a hob correctly? This question arises if the suppliers of furniture did not cut out the mounting opening on the countertop of the kitchen furniture. If you decide to perform this operation yourself, then you will need the following tools: an electric jigsaw, drill, wood drill, ruler and pencil, as well as a screwdriver and passathers. A step.by.step algorithm for the installation of a built.in hob is presented below.
- Determination of sizes. At the first stage, we determine the dimensions of the opening in which it is necessary to integrate the device. This information is reflected in the operating instructions. If it is absent, then it is necessary to make a thorough measurement of the seat of the device. It is necessary to add 5 mm to the overall dimensions to ensure the optimal clearance.
- Marking of the opening. To perform this operation, you need a long ruler, a square and a pencil. Place the mounting opening should not be closer than 50 mm from the edges of the table. Otherwise, thinner areas of the countertops can be destroyed, especially if it is made of low-quality wood-based stove. Preliminary work ends on this.
- Holes drill. At the corners of the resulting rectangle, it is necessary to drill four through technological holes, without going beyond the marked circuit. The operation should be performed by a drill on wood with a diameter of 8–10 mm. It is necessary to drill strictly perpendicular to the surface of the countertop, reliably holding the drill in an upright position.
- Cutting of the opening. The canvas of the electric jigsaw with small teeth is inserted into one of the holes and perform a cut of the countertop on the marking, tightly pressing the tool to the surface of the table. In a similar way we cut the countertop throughout the marked contour. After the work is performed, check the correspondence of the size of the mounting niche with the landing site of the electric hob.
- Crouping processing. The ends of the mounting hole must be protected from water exposure. To do this, you can use a special sealant or any other material capable of protecting the wood base of the countertop from the negative effects of moisture. A sealant is glued to the edges of the mounting opening, which is included in the set of the hob.
- The final stage. At the final stage of installation of the hob, we carefully place the device in the mounting opening. Before this operation, you can apply a layer of silicone sealant to a part of the countertop, which will be closed by the edges of the panel. The device should fit tightly to the surface of the countertop with a minimum gap. We fix the panel on the countertop using standard fixing clamps.
On this, the installation of an induction hobs or surface of another type is considered a complete. You should only check the reliability of the attachment of the device to the countertop and you can proceed to the next stage. How to install the hob, we told, now we will describe the process of connecting it to the electricity supply network. These chapters of the article can be considered as a manual for those who are going to independently connect the electrical hob to power supply. So, let’s begin! The next section of our narrative will be devoted to the connection scheme for the hob panel.
How to install a hob
Marking is perhaps the most important stage of work associated with the installation of a hob with your own hands, on which, oddly enough, most of the nuances. Judge for yourself. from how clearly and accurately you can mark, and then cut the hole for the hob, the entire appearance of the kitchen depends.
This is just the case in which an error in one centimeter may be irreparable. you always need to remember the cost of a canteen. Buying a new one is not so cheap. The fact is that the hob itself should fit clearly above the cabinet, and there is practically no stock in width there.
You can marry the landing hole in two ways. it can simply be laid on the countertop, focused on the eye and circle with a pencil, or go through professionals and calculate everything up to a millimeter.
Naturally, it is better to choose the second option for solving the issue, since in this case the chances of mistakes at least. This is done as follows.
To begin with, the internal boundaries of the cabinet are transferred to the countertop, above which the hob is installed. In fact, you will have to draw two parallel lines, which, together with the front and rear edge of the countertop, form a rectangle.
Then, after a diagonal, you need to find the center of this rectangle and build a coordinate system relative to it. draw a cross, one fishing line for which is parallel to the front edge of the countertop, and the other is perpendicular.
After that, on the resulting coordinate system, you need to postpone the dimensions of the crafted part of the hob. they will have to measure. You need to take into account a small supply so that the panel can be re.center during installation.
After the dimensions are postponed, we draw four lines (two parallel to the edge of the countertops and two perpendicular) through the obtained points and we get an even rectangular figure, which after cutting will turn into a landing hole for the hob.
Now the matter is small. cut and install the hob in the hole. We’ll talk about this further. For those who do not like to read and delve into the written, we attach a video for installing a hob in a countertop.
Installation of a gas hob
You can cut the landing hole for the hob using three different electrical tools. this is a jigsaw, drill or manual milling machine.
The most accurate and beautiful cut is obtained when using a hand cutter, but you can even not even ask about the presence of it in the home workshop of a person not related to construction.
Not everyone also has a jigsaw, but at least it is not very expensive, and for carrying out these works it can be bought. Well, the drill has almost every household man.
It is quite difficult to seal torn edges, and this must be done, and problems will arise in this regard. In principle, they are solved, but more on that later.
Cut the hole with a drill. I’ll just tell you the principle-with the help of a drill and a drill with a diameter of 8-10mm along the perimeter of the hole, with the smallest step, the mass of holes is inhabited, which, using the same drill, are subsequently combined into one single slot.
There is only one nuance here. you need to drill from the inside of the marked rectangle. And one more thing-so that a piece of cut countertop does not damage the furniture, you need to put anything under it-for example, put a stool in the cabinet and put the scrap stove on it.
It is much easier to cut a hole with a jigsaw, but the thing is that it is also difficult to do without a drill. you will need to drill one single hole for a file.
In principle, with a strong desire, this hole can be shifted manually. in addition, you can crash into the countertop itself, though a certain dexterity will be needed for this. Again, do not forget about precautions. the stand under the cut part of the working surface will not be completely superfluous.
After the hole is ready, it is necessary to water its waterproofing. when water enters or even moisture in the end of the countertop there is a very high probability that the material from which it is made will swell, and the countertop will deteriorate.
As a rule, the end of the cutting end is treated with silicone. If you cut out a hole with a drill, then it will be difficult to do this qualitatively. you will have to tinker.
Installation of an electric hob
To make it easier to understand how to install the hob in the hole of the countertop, present it in the form of a sequence of work. so to speak, in the form of a small but understandable instructions for installing a hob panel.
First we connect the gas hose to the panel. then it will be extremely inconvenient to do it. In the pitch nut on the hose we insert a paranite gasket and capitally screw it to the threaded pipe located from the bottom of the hob. To make the connection more reliable, a paronite gasket can even be slightly lubricated with a solidol.
Now we take the sealing tape. as a rule, it comes complete with the hob. It has a self.adhesive base. gradually tearing the protective paper and glue the seal along the entire perimeter of the hole on the front side of the countertop.
Glue with a whole piece. in the corners we just make turns, and do not cut the tape. When connecting the two ends, we join the tape very tightly. without a gap.
Install the hob in the hole and center it so that on the front side of the countertop it looks smooth. After that, we climb under the bottom of the countertop and in its four corners we screw special plates with self.tapping screws. we tighten tight, so that there is not the slightest slit between the countertop and the hob.
The power of the hob
The power of the hob is an important parameter for choosing a device for three main reasons:
- The speed with which your dishes undergo heat treatment depends on the power. Agree that it is better when it is possible to cook dishes as quickly as possible.
- Modern plates have burners of different capacities, and it is very convenient. If you need only a small amount of heat, why spend excess gas or electricity on useless warming up in the kitchen.
- However, the reverse side of the question should also be taken into account. the power of the largest burner should also be sufficient to quickly cook a large pan of soup.
- In modern kitchens, air conditioners are often installed. When the thermal energy is released in too large quantities, the load increases accordingly to the air conditioner. At the same time, unnecessary expenses for air heating and its cooling are completely not justified.
So, it is worth picking up a hob with such power that the cooking time is fast, but released by heat. optimal.
The electrical device of the traditional design consumes the highest electrical power from all types in question, so we will start the review from this option.
The most widespread market in our time were plates with four burners. Thus, the standard number of heating points over the decades of the existence of home plates has not changed. The connection is also similar. However, manufacturers went to modernize the heating sites, so they have different power:
- The first burner has the smallest power-0.4-1 kW;
- Two burners have an average power. about 1.5 kW;
- The fourth burner has the greatest power. up to 3 kW.
Thus, the total energy consumption reaches 7 kW. However, there are electric surfaces with additional properties, including:
- with the possibility of an adjustable increase in the total heating area for each point. additional rings around the disks;
- with the option of uniting two neighboring fireparents for working with dishes of a non.standard oblong shape. gosyatniki and the like;
- with a large number of heating points, that is, not four, but more, for example, six.
Of course, with such indicators, it is necessary to think in advance how such a requirement in terms of energy of the technique will be filled up, otherwise the wires in the wall can unexpectedly burn out during operation of the panel.
To restore, you will have to look for a cliff site, open the wall, connect the wires and lock the wall again. This can be a big problem, so discuss with a specialist the possibility of your power grid.
For apartments in old Soviet buildings, it is not recommended to purchase electric stoves with a total capacity of more than 3.5-4 kW. In the houses of modern construction, installation of electrical equipment with power consumption of up to 10 kW is allowed.
Also, do not discount other electrical equipment that create a load on your house network. These include a boiler for heating water, washing machine, iron, electric kettle, microwave, laser printer.
Each of them either consumes a large amount of electricity for a long time, or creates a short.term but tangible peak load, or both at once. Try that your new electric stove does not work simultaneously with other powerful consumers.
Many modern electrical hobs have burning sensors of fireprokes that warn you about the danger of burn when touching the surface of the panel. If you have such an opportunity, try to purchase just such a model.
Firstly, this will increase the safety of the stove, and secondly, knowing in advance that the disk is still hot, you can put another dishes on it and save on electricity.
Induction hob is the most modern type of equipment for heating food in the kitchen. Its average power is about 7 kW. However, keep in mind that this is the consolidated power of the device.
Due to the fact that cooking on the induction surface takes a minimum of time, the simultaneous work of all disks almost does not occur. And even if this happens, a short period of peak energy consumption is rapidly replaced by inaction, since the cooking has already ended. the soup was boiled, the fish was fried, the kettle boiled.
Thus, although the power of the induction plate is equated to the power of the usual electric stove, due to heating exclusively the bottom and lower part of the dishes (and not the air under it), electricity is consumed only for heat treatment of products. It is important to note that energy saving requires the use of special dishes in cooking.
It is not easy to find a special power counter for determining this parameter in a household gas plate, since gas is not electricity, and directly at home to measure the amount of energy spent (or obtained) in the process of combustion of hydrocarbon fuel is impossible.
So, to set the power of such a panel, direct calculation can be replaced with another method, for example, by the amount of gas that has passed through the counter. The heating capacity of natural gas is 8-11 kW per hour/m. cube.
It is only subjective to evaluate the quality of gas in the kitchen, but the minimum and maximum values are still realized, based on these parameters:
- The approximate power of one burner of a standard household gas hob is estimated at about 2-2.5 kW;
- The total heating capacity of the entire gas device with 4 burners is approximately 8-10 kW.
- The reduced power of small fireproofs is compensated by the increased heat of the heat of the largest fireplace.
In this case, the power of the burner depends on its diameter, which can be seen according to the table (the data is given for a state where the gas valve is completely open):
First of all, you need to determine the type of cabinet of the wind and hob. These elements can be dependent on each other and autonomous. If the first option is selected. two elements are located in one niche. In the autonomous version, the hob, can be installed in the center of the headset, and the oven in any convenient place where the gas supply hose can reach.
Connecting the cabinet of the gas oven and starting it, begins with the installation of equipment in the niche of the headset. To do this, the rear panel of the niche must be removed, and put the oven on two bars, which are previously attached to the surface of the furniture headset. This will provide ventilation of the oven and niches to avoid fire. Next, we connect electricity. This is necessary for the functioning of the fan, the electric control panel and other functions operating from the mains.
The next step is to connect to a gas supply system. This stage of installation involves the connection of the cabinet of the wind and gas pipe, through the hose. Also, it is necessary to connect the hob to the gas pipeline. In this case, you can use the welded pipe connection. Do not forget before starting work, turn off the supply of gas to the house or apartment.
New SIEMENS Induction hob. Which magazine did not mention this! EU631FEB1E.
After the gas oven and the hob is connected to the supply of fuel, you need to configure all the functions of the equipment, check the operability of the burners, the gas control system system. Check and adjustment is subject to the valve responsible for supplying gas.
Detailed instructions for connecting a gas hob and oven, presented in the video.
Follow the safety rules
When connecting the oven to the mains, remember that the wire should in no case in contact with the gas pipe. The maximum heating temperature of the conductor should not be higher than 70 0 s. It is forbidden to use extension cords, double or triple sockets. All additional wires and joints can cause a fire. Before proceeding to the washing of the oven cabinet, it should be disconnected from the supply of electricity.
Before the final completion of installation work, it is recommended to check all the joints for gas leakage. To do this, use soap foam, which needs to be applied to the connecting elements. If, when gas is turned on in any places, the soap begins to foam, then there is a hole here. Eliminating the crack and leak, you can safely use the equipment. https: // www.YouTube.COM/Watch?v = gzhaje8tk2k summing up the results, we note that the connection of gas to the hob and the oven, it is better to entrust professionals
In this matter, it is important to observe all precautions in order to avoid emergency situations in the future. If you decide to connect with your own hands, it is recommended to study the instructions for the equipment from the manufacturer. Also, study the advice of specialists in detail
Only with step.by.step installation work, subject to safety measures, gas equipment can be connected on its own
Also, study the advice of specialists in detail. Only with step.by.step installation work, subject to safety measures, gas equipment can be connected on its own.
Gas oven are addicted and independent. Their difference is only in the location of the control panel. Connecting a gas oven independently is possible if there are minimal knowledge in the field of electrics, physics, gas supply and the presence of divorce keys in your hands and other tools.
There are several stages of installation of the device:
- connection to electricity;
- connection to the gas supply system;
- Installing it in a kitchen set;
- check for gas leakage;
The oven is installed in rooms with good ventilation equipped with an exhaust or electric fan. In this case, the main condition for the normal functioning of the household appliance is the presence of proper circulation of air around the oven. Therefore, the connection of household appliances of this type is associated with some features.
Before installing the device, remove the back wall of the kitchen set, and set the oven itself for a couple of bars, fixed at a certain distance from the floor inside the furniture. Another nuance is associated with a high heating temperature of the device. The material from which the whole furniture adjacent to the oven should withstand the heating temperature of at least 120 ° C.
Unpack the device and carefully inspect it for the presence of mechanical damage. If you find something right away, contact the seller.
Connection to electricity
If your valuable purchase has an electric ignition system, grill function, fan, control panel, etc.D., then the connection to the energy supply system is mandatory. The kitchens of modern buildings are equipped with special sockets with grounding for connecting electric plates. Other electrical household appliances are connected to it.
Otherwise, it is required to lay an additional three.wire power cable from the shield, in which 16 and a protective shutdown device is installed. Connecting household appliances takes place with a mandatory ground.Do not forget that all work is carried out when the voltage is disconnected on the network and using the tool with insulation.
Some manufacturers of gas oven cabinets do not connect a power cable, so you will have to do it yourself. Open the switching box located on the back panel. Let the screws in it on the terminals. Fix the cord wires with screws, holding the instructions attached to the oven cabinet. Return the cover of the switching box to the place.
Remember that when you connect a gas oven to power supply, the cord must be placed so that the maximum heating temperature does not exceed 70 ° C. Never use double outlets, extension cords. They can cause a short circuit and fire. Before washing the oven, turn it off from power, taking out a fork from a socket.
How to connect a hob of an induction panel correctly. Schemes, selection of cables, outlets, machine guns.
When connecting the hob, you can encounter problems that make you think not only to an ordinary user, but also an experienced electrician:
We will consider in detail all these points further. But first we will decide on possible additional purchases. To connect the hob you will need the following materials:
First of all, understand for yourself that the hob should be connected by a separate line of electrical wiring directly from the distribution. It is not allowed to enroll it from the existing common distribution in the kitchen or already mounted outlets.
The cable must be three-core and copper, and which brand VVGGN-LS or NYM you decide. Which cable is better and how they differ in detail in the article “4 Differences of NYM and VVGGN-LS”.
The most important thing is to choose the right section. The set of the rules of SP31-110-2003 compiled on the basis of GOST and PUE says that for plates it is necessary to choose a section of at least 6mm2.
But apparently here we are talking about the preliminary installation of the wiring in the apartment, when it is not yet known what power of the hob will be installed. Therefore, the cross section of 6mm2 should initially be laid, sufficient to connect most of the existing models.
If your power is less than 7 kW, and you are sure that in the future you will not buy a new more energy.intensive plate, then you can navigate the following table:
And what to do if the cable is already laid (VVGGNG-LS 32.5mm2), but it turned out to be a smaller section than it is necessary for the maximum possible power of the hob (7.2 kW). At the same time, there is neither the opportunity nor the desire to steal the walls again.
In this case, you can protect yourself in two ways, though you will have to come to terms with the fact that you cannot use the entire power of the panel:
That is, if you still do not know what your hob will be, feel free to lay 6mm2. Just keep in mind that low.power panels have a small terminal, not designed for 6mm2. And correctly, directly connecting such a wire is not always convenient, you can break the clamp.
A prerequisite for the installation of the hob and ovens. This is the connection of these devices through a dessie, or a differential machine with a leakage current of 30ma.
Simple automatic circuit breakers will not be able to provide protection in case of damage to insulation and leakage on the housing.
- In the shield, the phase wire of the cable (usually brown, gray or other colors, except blue and yellow-green), are selected for the phase) to the lower terminal of the diphavtomat without inscription N or with the number 2
If you do not intend to start the cable directly in the panel, then you will have to install a separate outlet under it.
Using a fork is a more convenient option in terms of maintenance and operation of the hob panel.
For example, with a wet cleaning, the panel must be de.energized. If you do not have a socket, you will have to run twice to the shield and turn off the machine. And so pulled out the fork, wiped the surface and connected it back.
The outlet should be installed at a convenient height. Recommended distance from the floor. up to 90cm.
At the same time, it is not allowed that the socket is on the same level with the hob. It will be best to place it on the right or to the left of the device.
If you want to install an oven nearby nearby, then the outlet should be below the oven level. Usually this distance at the level of the legs of the kitchen.
It is also impossible to do too close to the floor, keep in mind the likelihood of flooding and water leaks!
Which one to take a socket? With a low.power panel up to 3.5 kW (usually double.grade), you can connect everything through a Euro.zoom and an appropriate fork.
In addition, if you initially took the 36mm2 cable, then get it on the contacts of the fork will be a big problem. Therefore, it is preferable to use a special fork and an outlet for plates designed for currents up to 40a.
Connection of the hob to the mains: single.phase and two.phase option
The largest number of questions arise if it is necessary to attach the surface to cook to the network, the voltage in which is 220 V. Such situations are especially problematic when the number of wires of the panel does not coincide with the number of cables on the network. As an example, you can take the Hansa electric stove. Connecting such a device is carried out by 6 wires.
Job connection diagram. single.phase option
If the network includes 3 lines, then the problem with connecting such a panel can be solved quite simply. For connection in this case, special jumpers are used, which are quite easy to purchase in any profile store. Sometimes they are implemented complete with the device. If necessary, they can be done with your own hands.
How to connect a stove in this case? Before connecting the device to the mains, it is recommended to carefully study the instructions. The step.by.step process of connecting the panel to a single.phase system is as follows. The first thing to do is to find the cover on the back of the surface for cooking. Next, you need to open it. To do this, you can use the usual screwdriver. There are terminals under the lid.
In the event that terminals 6, and the cables in the apartment are only 3, it is necessary to do the contact of the contacts. To perform this operation, you will need to connect 3 wires that correspond to the phases, among themselves. Next, one zero cable is connected to another. No need to touch the earth. The result is 3 lines.
In some models, the device already has jumpers. In such a situation, connecting the hob is easiest. You just need to dock the wires of the network and the contacts of the electrical appliance. To answer the question of how to connect an electric stove on your own, video materials on this topic will help.
A two.phase connection diagram of an e.retrofit 380 in
note! Single.phase networks can consist of only two wires. In this case, it is necessary to act differently. In such a situation, a mandatory point is the purchase of a separate circuit that will be used for grounding. If you ignore the grounding connection, then the device can fail quite quickly.
Two.phase plates are very rare. Often, with an independent installation of such a device, people face difficulties. However, there is nothing complicated about it. When connecting such devices to a three.phase network, one of the cables isolation of one of the cables.
How to connect a hob to a three.phase power supply (380 V)
Before connecting the device for cooking to a three.phase electric network, it is necessary to prepare a special cable. It should contain 5 copper conductors. The section of each element in this case is 2.5 mm². And it is not so important what kind of cable will be. For this, both one.core and multi.lifetime options are suitable.
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Before connecting the hob and oven, it is necessary to check the network for the absence of current in it. In this case, the jumper is used only for two wires, which are zeros. These cables are indicated by Latin letters n. Thus, the jumper is used for wires N1 and N2. It is worth noting that some models of hobs have a digital designation of lines. In such a situation, zeros correspond to numbers 4 and 5.
As for phase wires, they must be connected to each phase (one at a time). Schemes in pictures help to understand how to connect an electric stove. And it is also recommended to study the relevant videos. As mentioned above, the color of phase wires can be different depending on the standard. Most often there are red, yellow and green cables. When connecting, you should be careful, as there is a likelihood of incorrect connection of the wires to the fork.
With a three.phase network, neutral (zero) is connected at the top, and the earth, on the contrary, from below. In turn, the wires indicating the phases are located in the middle. On the outlet it is also necessary to observe this order.
Connecting the device to a three.phase network 380 V
Connection of the Electrolux hob (4 wires) to a three.phase electrical network
Most of the models of the hobs made by Electrolux are implemented complete with the cord. However, this is not always an advantage, since many are confused when connecting a device to a three.phase electric network. This is due to the fact that the cord contains 4 wires: zero, ground, and two phase lines. Before starting installation, it is necessary to study all the nuances of the work.
Connection of the Electrolux hob should begin with the opening of the cover, which is located on the back of the device. This will allow access to terminals. At the next stage, you will need to find the output “Earth”, which has a traditional yellow-green color. In the immediate vicinity of it, there should be a jumper with 2 entrances.
note! Give an answer to the question of how to connect the Electrolux hob, the instruction that is attached to the device will help.
Then, with the help of a jumper that was found earlier, you need to combine two exits under the phases. They are designated by Latin letters L1 and L2 (black and brown). It is important to remember that only brown cable is used to join the fork. In turn, a black fishing line for a trimmer will need to be thoroughly affected.
Before installing the Electrolux hobs, it is necessary to study all the nuances of the work
Where to start
Regardless of which device you purchased, it must be installed in the countertop. Therefore, first of all, we will consider how to install a hob. Immediately make a reservation that the panels are a small thickness of the device, but the area of the hobs in some models may differ. It is from these sizes that you will have to build up during the selection of the cabinet for the hob panel.
The sequence of actions for installing the hob.
|A photo||Description of the work|
|We make markings in a pre.selected place. To do this, just turn the panel and circle the outline.|
|At any section of the marking, we make a hole for the junction of an electrician using a conventional drill.|
|We start drilling the contour.|
|This is what should happen at the end of this operation.|
|Check the quality of the “landing” of the device in the countertop. You can’t rush here, it is important to accurately and thoroughly measure all distances without leaving the gaps.|
|The joints of the joints are treated with silicone sealant.|
|Press the design with hands for strong fixation.|
|We proceed to the installation of the device case to the countertop. To do this, use special brackets. They can be of different shapes and sizes, but the essence of their installation is that they have two slots. Through one bracket is attached to the countertop, through the second. to the plate.|
|A fully installed hob looks like this.|
Installation of the device must only be carried out after the cabinet for the hob and the kitchen furniture that will be in the immediate vicinity of the plate is assembled.
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Methods for connecting different panels
How to connect a hob to the mains? It all depends on what type of panel is in front of you: electric or induction.
Connecting a gas panel
This is the easiest way to connect to a supply network, so we will start with it. Firstly, we note that the type of connection of this type of device is a simple connection of a fork with a socket operating from a variable current network with a voltage of 220 V. Only the backlight and the ignition itself work from electricity, which means that there is no need to calculate and think through something. The main thing is to bring the outlet as close to the hob as possible, because it has the length of the supply cable does not exceed 1.5 m. The easiest way to install a socket is on the back wall behind the cabinet on which the stove was installed. The photo below shows this option.
Option for installing a rosette for a hob
However, if the plate is built into a furniture set, it will not be easy to get to it. Sometimes sockets are slightly shifted closer to the kitchen cabinets and do not close the back wall in them so that there is always free access to it.
Ways to connect an electric stove
This is the most difficult and crucial option, because the power of the hob is large, and it greatly affects all the components of the electric chain: from the distribution cabinet to the outlet. If the panel is installed in an apartment building, where the project contains the use of only electricity for cooking, then the rosette for the slab in the kitchen is already installed according to all electrical safety rules. Therefore, it remains only to install the panel in the place determined by the project. Usually it is easy to find by hood, which is necessarily mounted directly above the proposed place of installation of the oven.
Ready.made rosette for the hobing panel for the project
If an electric household device is installed in a private house where all communication networks are carried out exclusively according to the calculations of the owner himself, you will have to spend a certain amount of time and calculate the maximum power limit, the possibility of the device of such a stove.
Attention! The best option in the old house is to conduct a separate reinforced cable with an automatic machine directly to the distribution cabinet that nourishes the entire system. If this is not possible, it is necessary to refuse the installation of electric furnaces.
The old wiring may not withstand the power of the hob, it will begin to burn
Calculation of the cross.section of the wire for an electric stove and oven cabinet
All this can be calculated using the formulas known from the school. For example, OMA formula:
Power. passport parameter. Knowing the current strength of the device, you can determine the cable section according to the tables that are a large number on the Internet. One of them in the photo below.
The power of the hob, the size of the cross section is the most important elements of calculating the correct connection scheme
note! The calculation of the power of the oven and the hob is calculated separately, and then these indicators are folded, because the oven can be “powered” from a completely different outlet. But the train can go alone to them.
Here is one of them, which shows the power ratio of the supply network, the cross.section of the cable for the hob with the rated current of the machine gun.
Nominal current power in relation to the power of the device
How to choose an outlet for an oven and a hob
It is necessary to make a reservation right away that both household appliances can be one- or three-phase, from here you need to “dance”, choosing a socket for connecting a hob and oven and oven. But there is another reservation. Many manufacturers of the hobs do not equip the devices with forks, and some, in general, go on sale without a supply cable.
Therefore, advice! Do not look for a socket, you can connect directly by connecting the cable of the stove with the cable from the camshaft or connect the second with the terminal of the stove. In addition, if necessary, you can install a mini-skip with a machine gun and RCD directly in the kitchen.
Fork and outlet for single.phase network with grounding
Now as for the outlet itself. Here everything will depend on the power of the devices, which varies in the range from 2.5 to 10 kW:
These are sockets for a single.phase network, lower for three.phase:
Attention! All modern sockets are provided by grounding terminals, so there are three contacts in single.phase sockets: phase, zero and grounding. In three.phase five contacts: three phases, neutral phase and grounding.
How to choose a fork for a hob
It is most correct to buy a fork already with a socket, if one does not come in the kit to ensure the proper grounding and operation of the device.The outlet should completely duplicate the phases and terminals of the fork, their configuration and location.
Fork and outlet for a three.phase network with grounding
Connection diagram of an electric hob
Before connecting an electric hob, you need to understand that a single-phase device and three-phase are connected in different ways. With the first, the easiest way, because the connection diagram in this case is based on the connection of the grounding circuit. This is usually a yellow-green wire. He will be present both on the cable supplying and on the nourishing. The remaining wires can be interconnected in any sequence.
With a three.phase connection, you must be neat. Here you can not make a mistake with the zero and one of the phases. Therefore, even at the stage of wiring, it is necessary to indicate which of the wires inside the cable will be connected to the neutral phase. Typically, they use either blue wire, or blue. The same applies to the cable that feeds the hob.
If the connection is made without a supplying cable, that is, directly to the terminal box of the device, then on it the manufacturer must indicate each contact with a certain icon or the letter of the Latin alphabet. The photo below shows the terminal box of the hob with connection to a three.phase network. Contacts “l”. these are phases, “n”. this is zero.
How to connect a hob without an outlet
If desired, the connection can be performed “directly” by making it without detachable. For this, a terminal box is installed at the end of the line (Fig. On one side of the box, the wire from the electrical appliance is started, and on the other. the supply cable. Most of the modern terminals presented for sale are applicable both for networks of 220 V and 380 V.
To carry out the connection, the wires insert the holes in the side of the box, not forgetting to observe the polarity. If you have to connect 220 V, the extra phases are thrown back and isolated. Boarded ends covered in the cavity are tightened with bolts and “terminating” by means of clamps. If desired, they can be completely tuned and turned into a ring.
Adhering to the above basic recommendations, an independent connection of the electrical appliance even in a novice master will not cause special difficulties.
Rosette and a turn for the hob
The outlet and fork are made of special plastic, some models may have a lid. Install a socket at a distance of about 90 cm from the floor, left or right.
Often manufacturers of household appliances do not include a socket and a fork, so they have to buy them separately. To do this, you need to determine which type of connection is the hob that belongs.This and other information on how to connect the hob to the outlet is indicated in the operating manual.
The electrolyte for connecting the panel should be displayed separately, and the outlet withstand the current from 32 to 40 A. In those houses where there is not gas, but an electric stove, a power cable was displayed initially. If your home does not apply to this type, then this wire should be included in the wiring separately.
- Devices with a power of up to 3.5 kW can be connected to standard 220 W (load 16 A).
- Power over 3.6 kW requires an enhanced outlet for 32 a.
- With a 3-phase system of wastes in a room for a power of up to 3.5 kW, a 20 A socket is required.
Outlet and fork for single.phase connection
In parallel with power, grounding is taken into account for additional contacts of the fork. A single-phase outlet has three of them, in 3 phase-five. Some manufacturers make sets in which forks are included with three and five pins.
For kitchen panels, special three or four contact sockets are released. Structurally, they are made so that it is clear how to connect the phase and protective wires.
The fork is chosen from the calculation of the current. up to 40 A. When connecting a fork to wires, it is advisable to take into account the polarity. If the wire was in the configuration, this is good, but if it did not work out, then they buy a three.wire PVS. The cross.section of the wire must correspond to the power of the device.
For installation, disassemble the plug body and pass the wire through the hole. The veins are cleaned and carried out under the screw connectors of the forks: the phase and zero go to the extreme terminals, and the grounding in the upper. The screws are well tightened, pressing the veins.
Fork and outlet for a three.phase network
Job panels connection schemes
Honing surfaces manufacturers produce models that can be connected to electric networks with different phases. In the territory and post.Soviet space there are two standards: a single.phase network for 220 V, rarely. two.phase 220 V and three.phase 380 V. Wiring in houses can have, depending on the number of phases and years of building houses, a different number of wires and colors. For example:
- A single.phase network for 220 V: two conductions of the same color (usually in houses of the old building). “Phase” or “zero” will have to be searched for by an indicator or tester; in the new houses they already use color wiring, where “phase” (l) is indicated by brown or red wire, “zero” (n). blue or blue, and ground (PE).Yellow-green. In old buildings, the wiring of the same color, so you will have to determine the neutral.
- Two.phase network for 220 in. It is found only in new buildings and then rarely. The “phases” are indicated by black and brown wire, “zero”-blue, and “earth”-yellow-green.
- Three.phase network for 380 in. In this case, “zero” and “earth” have a traditional coloring, and “phases” according to one standard. white, black, brown, in the other. yellow, red and green wire.
Due to these nuances, hobs are usually supplied without a network cord. Therefore, in addition to the wire for the selected electric line, you will need to buy a cable for connecting an integrated slab to the outlet.
Coloring of wire insulation for a three.phase network
How to connect an electric stove: a diagram for a single.phase network
In principle, connecting a hob to a household power supply with a voltage of 220 V is easy. On the back of the plate, you need to remove the lid, which is attached on latches or using screws. Having removed it, we will find terminals for connecting a network cable (usually 6 pcs.).
Klemma box on the hob
Terminals No. 2 and 3 are designed for the phase wire (L), No. and 5. neutral (N), and the grounding terminal (PE) is indicated by a special icon. But what if the selected electric line has 3 wires, and connectors for connecting 6 pcs. For such cases, as a rule, copper or brass jumpers are included in the kit. If they are not, then you can independently make them from a copper wire with a cross section of 6 mm2. Install the jumpers, as indicated in the figure below, and attach the network cable.
The connection diagram of the hob to a single.phase network 220 V
How to connect an electric hob with two phases
Two.phase hobs are rare, but in this case there are no problems with the connection. Just definitely follow the connection scheme given below. Before supplying voltage to the device, it is necessary to check again so that the wiring in the outlet or mounting box coincides with the decay of the wires in the fork.
Double.phase connection diagram of the hob panelilantum jumper (usually comes with the hob)
How to connect an electric stove to a three.phase network yourself
Three.phase nutrition is mainly used in suburban cottages, and to write the hob will need a five.core cable with a cross section of each conductor of at least 2.5 mm2. The connection is practically no different from the previous options and is performed as follows:
- Phase wires L1, L2 and L3 are clamped in terminals No. 2 and 3, respectively.
- Terminals No. and 5 are interconnected by a copper or brass jumper, and the zero wire is connected to one of them.
- The appropriate ground wire PE is connected to the terminal.
If the wires are colored in the network and input cable, then when connecting, we simply observe their combination. If the house is old and the wiring of the same color, then you need to be careful and use the indicator or tester to determine the phase wires.
Job panel connection diagram to a three.phase network
Job panel connection schemes
The terminal block of the hob (Fig. 2).
The technology for connecting an electrical appliance depends on the type of power supply provided in the house. In the buildings of an outdated sample, these are single.phase networks at 220 V, in modern houses there are three.phase analogues for 380 V. Almost all modern models of hobs can be connected to single.phase and three.phase networks (Fig. 2).
Before connecting the hob to the outlet, it is important to make sure that the case will be grounded. Many electrical appliances are already produced with mounted tires
The task of the master is to simply connect them with a grounding wire.
Attention. Before starting any work with wiring, a fishing line for a trimmer must be de.energized.
Option with a single.phase network
To correctly connect the hob to the outlet, you should focus on color marking. If a single.phase network has two guides, the isolation of which is painted in one color, the phase will not be difficult to determine using a screwdriver equipped with a LED or a tester. In a three-wire network, insulation lived most often color: “phase”-brown/red, “zero”-blue/blue, “earth”-green-yellow.
At the panel 6 of the conclusions: 3 phase “L1-L3”, 2 neutral “N1-N2” and 1 grounding “re”. In single.phase networks, the most common option is as follows:
- Phase “L”-joins simultaneously to the terminals “L1-L3”.For this, two copper jumpers are installed between the terminals included in the configuration to the electrical appliance.
- Phase “N”-joins the terminals “N1-N2”.
- “Re”. a protective conductor joins the terminal “re”.
To obtain access to terminals, you need to unscrew the back cover of the electrical appliance. The panel with conclusions may rise above the surface or be buried in it. Cable veins are sequentially connected to terminals. Check the reliability of the latch, excluding the likelihood of tension. Having attached the fork, turn on the circuit breaker and check how each of the firepower works for 3-5 minutes.
Connection to a two.wiring network is carried out in one of two ways:
The installation of the grounding circuit is relevant if you plan to maintain the manufacturer’s guarantee. Indeed, in the case of equipment breakdown, even due to factory marriage without grounding, it will be invalid.
Subtleties of connection to a three.phase network
When the equipment is connected with a 5-core wire to a three-phase network for 380 in the use of a jumper, only two neutral wires “N1-N2” will be required. Phase wires are directly connected to each phase. If you have to work with a wire of 4 cores, one phase on the outlet simply does not use. The conclusion that corresponds to it in the outlet itself also does not use.
The color of the cores will help to determine the color of the braid:
In addition to the visual definition for the reliability of the wire, it is better to “call” and sign by hanging tags.
There are situations when you have to connect to a two.phase network for 380 in. In this case, they work according to a scheme involving the combination of two phases and two neutrals. Since the power is evenly distributed according to both phases, you can combine them through the tip or simply move one wire to the side and insulate it. All other veins are connected to the contacts of the fork, focusing on polarity.
If at the time of connection at hand there were no jumpers, they can be done independently. The main thing is to use a copper wire 6 mm2.
For flexible multi.core wires, to provide the best contact with the clamp, it is convenient to use the tips of the forputation or their isolated ring analogues. The tips are planted on the bare ends of the veins of the press.