Khrushchev Refrigerator. How to make a refrigerator under the window

Generation of the 90s does not even remember such a phenomenon as a Khrushchev refrigerator, and meanwhile it was very worn out of our moms and grandmothers. Original design created specifically for “Khrushchev“, replaced full, although seasonal, refrigerator. But time goes, houses built in the 50s are still standing, but the built-in refrigerators in the apartments have long been required if not dismantling, then overhaul. How to make a refrigerator under the window and upgrade already existing design, read in our article.

Imagine modern life in the apartment without a refrigerator is simply impossible, but in the 50s and 60s few people can boast your own refrigerator, so Soviet architects invented a truly unique device. Khrushchev refrigerator.

This design is a niche located under the windowsill in the kitchen. The outer side of the niche is much thinner than the bearing walls of the building and has through holes. Through them in winter, cold air enters, which provides an acceptable low temperature for storing products in winter.

The dimensions of the refrigerator allowed residents of “Khrushchev” to significantly save the kitchen space and store products longer, let it only 5-6 months a year. Plus, a very wide window sill was located above the fridge, which could be used as a full-fledged shelf or a small cooking table. In the summer, in such a ventilated refrigerator, it was possible to store cereals, vegetables, fruits, sunflower oil, flour and other non-resistant products that are usually placed in kitchen cabinets.

The inventors of the Khrushchev refrigerator made special dampers that helped adjust the temperature inside. Over time, this innovation is so popular that it has found applications not only in Khrushchev, but also in more modern residential high-rise buildings. “Brezhnevka” and even some nine-story houses.

  • Significant savings in small-sized kitchen.
  • The possibility of re-equipment and improving the utility of the area.
  • Electricity savings. Winter can be turned off the usual refrigerator and store all products in the winter refrigerator under the window.
  • An ideal place for storing home conservation.

Creating a refrigerator under the window

According to GOST, the thickness of the brick walls varies from 0.51 to 0.64 m (masonry in 2-2.5 bricks). In this case, the thickness of the wall in the recess does not exceed 0.45 m, as a result of which it is colder. With the construction of the Khrushchev, a laying of a well-type was used (there was a slag for insulation between the voids). Consequently, under the kitchen window, you can remove one row of bricks and in such a way to increase the capacity of the niche.

After all manipulations, the thickness of the wall will be only 0.25 m. But thanks to concrete jumpers located above the window opening, as well as with careful intervention, the integrity of the wall is guaranteed. Then you need to insert the vent hole equipped with a damper. With it, you can lower or increase the temperature in niche.

The septum between the room and the street must be placed in a mixture of cement and sand, and then apply putty.

Attention! It is not recommended to apply putty directly on brickwork. This can lead to Wall freezing. If the moisture will penetrate the mason with the slits and cracks in the fall, then in winter it will freeze and the putty will disappear.

An excellent option for interior decoration of the refrigeration device is a smooth tile. So, it needs to be put on plaster, and for reliable fastening to use a tile frost-resistant glue. In addition, for these purposes it is appropriate to apply a sandwich panel. Such work does not require special knowledge, so the owner of the apartment can be performed independently.

In this video, it is shown as the old “Khrushchevsky” refrigerator turns into a convenient place for storing products in winter.

Interestingly, the refrigerator in the kitchen under the window can have a variety of definitions in the title, and this will depend not on its functionality, but from the region or the locality where it was equipped.

So, on Kolyma he will be a Kolyma refrigerator, in Magadan. Chukotsky, in Sverdlovsk. Uralsky, and those who managed to live with an unforgettable Nikita Sergeyevich, call him Khrushchevsky. Nevertheless, such a device serves as the same goals, regardless of which region did it.

How and how to warm the refrigerator under the window in the apartment. Winter refrigerator under the window

In winter, frosty weather for us. the usual thing. And so those who have such a winter or so-called, Khrushchev refrigerator, no need to use the usual electric. The winter refrigerator is called a special compartment with wooden swing doors under the window, which is cooled using ventilation by outer air. Do you need such a design in modern kitchen? How to make it more functional, comfortable and aesthetic?

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The design of the winter refrigerator is quite primitive. This is a niche in the wall with a hole on the street. In winter, the refrigerator was frozen, then melted. Through the natural hole penetrated and dirt accumulated. Often divorced mold. In the end, in the context of the development of equipment that provides kitchen comfort, such a refrigerator has stopped used and becomes a gathering.

doors, khrushchev, refrigerator

Restore functionality and give the aesthetics of the winter refrigerator with your own hands. In addition, it is necessary to take into account that in the winter the through hole is the source of the cold, and therefore it is necessary to think about how to insulate the refrigerator under the window. To perform these works it is necessary:

Re-equipment of the winter refrigerator under the window

  • Full release of niche from wooden shelves and base.
  • Preparation of a solution for a screed of the base of the winter refrigerator Cement mortar (sand and cement. 1: 1).
  • Pour tie. If the tie height is large enough, then after it is installed, you can close the film coating to avoid cracking. For efficiency, you can have a screed to do in several layers, and for a more smooth coating from above, pour a liquid solution from the tile glue with a mesh so that the screed does not crack.
  • Leveling hole. In order for it in it, water, which subsequently can turn into ice, can be installed in the opening a plastic pipe that forms a slope towards the street. Hole should be launched and removed to one level with the wall. If the mesh on the hole collapsed, it should be replaced with a new. The mesh is necessary to ensure that the wasps and flies do not fly to your refrigerator.
  • For insulation, it is best to use pieces of polyplex or foam, 3 cm wide. They, of course, reduce the inner volume of the refrigerator, but with such insulation heat in the kitchen will persist. In the insulation, it is necessary to cut a drill hole. The easiest thing is to make such a hole in the penplex, since the foam crumbs. Cut for through hole rounder the insulation can be used as a plug, previously wrapped it with a tape (for strength).
  • The gluing of the insulation can be carried out using a mounting foam that you need to apply directly to the insulation. Foam in this case is better not to regret so that there is no airspace between the wall and the insulation, which can form cold bridges. For greater reliability, the insulation is attached to the walls of “mushrooms”, a hole for which we make a peuorator (8 mm drill). The floor is insulated in the same way.
  • Finishing can be made by various materials. The inner walls of the refrigerator under the window can be simply painted by conventional alkyd enamel, you can lay out a tile, can be separated by plastic clapboard. It all depends on your choice. It remains to install doors. They are best to make plastic. They are more sealed and better preserve heat.

How and how to warm the refrigerator under the window in the apartment. Winter refrigerator under the window

In winter, frosty weather for us. the usual thing. And so those who have such a winter or so-called, Khrushchev refrigerator, no need to use the usual electric. The winter refrigerator is called a special compartment with wooden swing doors under the window, which is cooled using ventilation by outer air. Do you need such a design in modern kitchen? How to make it more functional, comfortable and aesthetic?

The design of the winter refrigerator is quite primitive. This is a niche in the wall with a hole on the street. In winter, the refrigerator was frozen, then melted. Through the natural hole penetrated and dirt accumulated. Often divorced mold. In the end, in the context of the development of equipment that provides kitchen comfort, such a refrigerator has stopped used and becomes a gathering.

Restore functionality and give the aesthetics of the winter refrigerator with your own hands. In addition, it is necessary to take into account that in the winter the through hole is the source of the cold, and therefore it is necessary to think about how to insulate the refrigerator under the window. To perform these works it is necessary:

Re-equipment of the winter refrigerator under the window

  • Full release of niche from wooden shelves and base.
  • Preparation of a solution for a screed of the base of the winter refrigerator Cement mortar (sand and cement. 1: 1).
  • Pour tie. If the tie height is large enough, then after it is installed, you can close the film coating to avoid cracking. For efficiency, you can have a screed to do in several layers, and for a more smooth coating from above, pour a liquid solution from the tile glue with a mesh so that the screed does not crack.
  • Leveling hole. In order for it in it, water, which subsequently can turn into ice, can be installed in the opening a plastic pipe that forms a slope towards the street. Hole should be launched and removed to one level with the wall. If the mesh on the hole collapsed, it should be replaced with a new. The mesh is necessary to ensure that the wasps and flies do not fly to your refrigerator.
  • For insulation, it is best to use pieces of polyplex or foam, 3 cm wide. They, of course, reduce the inner volume of the refrigerator, but with such insulation heat in the kitchen will persist. In the insulation, it is necessary to cut a drill hole. The easiest thing is to make such a hole in the penplex, since the foam crumbs. Cut for through hole rounder the insulation can be used as a plug, previously wrapped it with a tape (for strength).
  • The gluing of the insulation can be carried out using a mounting foam that you need to apply directly to the insulation. Foam in this case is better not to regret so that there is no airspace between the wall and the insulation, which can form cold bridges. For greater reliability, the insulation is attached to the walls of “mushrooms”, a hole for which we make a peuorator (8 mm drill). The floor is insulated in the same way.
  • Finishing can be made by various materials. The inner walls of the refrigerator under the window can be simply painted by conventional alkyd enamel, you can lay out a tile, can be separated by plastic clapboard. It all depends on your choice. It remains to install doors. They are best to make plastic. They are more sealed and better preserve heat.
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How to renovate the old Khrushchev refrigerator

There are several options for redeveloping space under the window:

  • Leave the Winter Refrigerator Function. To reduce heat leakage, you can install dense doors with a thermal insulation layer of the seal. Ventilation hole can be modified by grabbing a trim valve. To the cabinet doors do not interfere when opening, they are often made sliding.
  • Fully close niche. In this case, surface alignment is carried out, free space is filled with brick masonry.
  • Make ordinary wardrobe. The vent hole is closed, the inner walls are frozen tiled or plasterboard panels. As a result, an ordinary cabinet is obtained from the winter refrigerator, where you can store any household trivia. Niche equipped with ordinary shelves or drawers.
  • Transfer pipes and connect the heating battery. Part of the internal volume of the locker is filled with insulation. The remaining free space is given to the radiator.

Refrigerator use ideas under the window in the kitchen

There are two ways to use a refrigerator under the window on Khrushchev. repair the opening and use how the refrigerator or applied is not directly intended:

  • Niche can be used as it was intended initially by making a freezer in it. The opening isolate reflective materials and embed a wardrobe in which they make a hole where there is already ventilation in the wall. To the cold from the street did not penetrate the apartment, there are tightly closing doors from the kitchen. The result is a small refrigerator under the window, which can be used only in winter, and in the summer in the closet you can store products requiring coolness;
  • In the kitchen of 4-5 kV. M. Under the window instead of the refrigerator, there are wardrobes of a kitchen headset, freeing a lot of space in the opposite part of the room, equipping a comfortable dining area there. Instead of the windowsill, install a countertop alignment with a working area, increasing the useful space and making an angular layout. You can make shallow built-in boxes that will be used for storing small kitchenware, such as cutlery;
  • Solve the problem with a disadvantage of space in the kitchen headset or massive mounted couches will help a small roomy cabinet under the windowsill. To save kitchen space and convenience when used sliding doors. Instead of the shelves it is more convenient to make drawers. In a well-insulated niche, you can store household appliances in open form, for example, a microwave;
  • Beautifully placed on the shelves of the bottle imitate the real wine cellar. In the cold season, the refrigerator under the window will perform an initial function for a minibar. cooling. In addition to bottles in the cellar, you can store conservation;
  • The windowsill in the kitchen can be used as a bar rack or dining table, setting high chairs. Since under the window there is no radiator, and instead there is a wide excavation, the knees will not rest in the wall;
  • In the winter fridge, under the window, you can disguise the battery, which often spoils the kitchen interior of Khrushchev, covering it with a curtain or decorative screen with ventilation holes, which can be made independently from a chipboard or buy ready-made. Battery transfer is best spent outside the heating season. During work, you will have to dismantle the doors, shelves, finishing, insulate a niche outside and inside, produce pipes to the place of the radiator installation;

Frigidaire Refrigerator Repair. How to Replace the Lower Hinge Pin

  • Sink in a small kitchen occupies a lot of space, so the location of it under the window, instead of the refrigerator saves the useful area. To transfer the sink, you will have to redo the sewer and tap pipes, change the windowsill on a wider. The opening is separated by moisture-resistant materials and insulate that condensate cannot be accumulated on the walls and pipes. To install a dishwasher or washing machine in a niche, you need to change the electrical supply scheme of the kitchen;
  • Original idea. instead of a refrigerator under the window, make a windowsill in the kitchen a comfortable area for relaxing or organize additional seats;
  • Winter refrigerator under the window are used as household chemical storage space. Since the niche is isolated from the kitchen headset, it is possible not to be afraid that the potent means will affect the quality of products;
  • Instead of the refrigerator under the window in the kitchen in Khrushchev, you can make a fireplace. To do this, the outdoor wall of the opening will have to be insulated and separated by materials with low electrical conductivity and moisture resistance. and an electric fireplace is installed with a real fire imitation. If it is not important, but power, then put an oil heater or a stone quartz heating panel. Reflectors and heat fans can not be used in a niche, since they require free exchange of air, which is not enough in such a small space;
  • Window opening in Khrushchev kitchen small and gives little light, especially if the apartment is located on the northern side. Increase the amount of daylight can be using a French window. The most difficult thing in this case is to dismantle the outer wall. Work requires official resolution on redevelopment.
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Non-standard solution

In addition to the usual, there are many interesting ways to turn the “Khrushchev refrigerator” into the stylish object of the kitchen interior.

One of them. to make a car wash. In this case, the inner space of the niche is perfect for the placement of water pipes.

These mobs have a lot of fans. it’s nice to wash the dishes in front of the window, for which trees grow, and a blue sky can be seen.

However, before reconstruction, it is necessary to think well and weigh the “for” and “against”, because from the window glass, in this case, you will have to constantly remove splashes and blows of soap water.

Another non-standard solution. a device in a kitchen niche of a home safe. The depth of the niche will allow to put a fairly large safe of the safe in it, and massive brick walls. high-quality exterior facade.

Kitchen design with refrigerator under the window. Little fridge under the window

The miniature model without freezer in the kitchen can be installed in a niche from the radiator. The battery is shifted to the side or mount heating in the plinth. The liberated space put a small unit, which is several centimeters below the windowsill level. When opening the door should not come into contact with coupling furniture.

Little built-in refrigerator under the working aresource CiscoExpo.Ru

Great idea: refrigerator under the working area

A small-sized model up to 80 cm high is located under the workshop table top, bar rack or lunch headset. For a miniature refrigerator in the kitchen interior do not need much space. The unit harmoniously fits into the composition with the rest of the furniture. The door is covered with a film repeating pattern on objects.

Low Built-in Refrigerator Source Chudo.tech

Refrigerator in the corner of the kitchen

One of the most successful options for placing products storage area. The device in the far part does not block the room, does not interfere with the inhabitants of housing. The unit built into the headset is almost impaired, visually makes a low ceiling above. Overall interior items to put in the wall.

Refrigerator in the interior Source Yandex.Ru

The refrigerator in the corner of the kitchen is one side gradually goes into the working area. The place is as comfortable as possible from washing as comfortable as possible, and households do not accumulate constantly on the product storage area. For a large family prefer a high model with a narrow case, which is hidden under the furniture box or door.

doors, khrushchev, refrigerator

Wooden headset source znatprovse.Ru

With an angular layout headset, the refrigerator is set near the window. The effect of rounding sharp surfaces is created. The windowsill can be converted to the working area or move the sink. A beautiful and functional solution saves a useful area indoor. In the process of cooking, a person spends less strength when moving from one area to another.

Kitchen to Neoclassic Ceiling Ceiling Source ileds.Ru

Refrigerator in the kitchen interior can be placed in the corner near the entrance. A spacious niche or smooth wall is great for installing the unit. Technique does not fall out of the overall design composition, it becomes a continuation of the headset. Facades often repeat the drawing of the bedside tables.

Small space source www.Eckti.COM Large refrigerator in the kitchen Source www.iPeople.IN.UA

In order for the refrigerator less space in space, you need to make the device to the wall as much as possible. If the kitchen is merged with the loggia, the unit is appropriate in the long part of the insulated balcony. Between storage zones, washing and cutting should not be borders from furniture, partitions or doors.

Refrigerator at the windowsill Source Maximusokna.Ru

Refrigerator on bedside table

In a limited space, save each meter. A small model on a functional stand allows you to use the available squares. A miniature refrigerator is installed on the tumbler-pedestal with a drawer. The duet in one color scheme looks for one whole.

Furniture made of natural wood will withstand weight of overall equipment. Cheap glued shields and slabs Warfare for increasing endurance are strengthened with rigid metal ribs. Refrigerator Models made of iron created from rust-resistant alloys. Plastic options are forbidden to use for heavy aggregates. As a retractable mechanism, apply:

At the base of the coup pedestal often use angular legs. Sustainable refrigerator in the kitchen interior does not stick. If the floor is perfectly smooth, then furniture with appliances put on laminate or tile. The base system is suitable for surfaces with curvature. Increased length allows you to adjust the slightest defects.