Glue reflex for furnaces and fireplaces Profix. glue heat-resistant for furnaces and fireplaces (refractory, heat-resistant)

The presence in the free access of instructions for independent erection of furnaces and fireplaces contributed to the activation of the new masters. If earlier the fireplace was considered a practically unreal dream, today it is already the usual attribute of the stylized room. Modern fireplaces have not lost their function to heating the premises, they only became more harmoniously combined with the surrounding interior, due to the variety of finishing materials.

The process of masonry of fireplaces makes certain requirements for the used solution. The traditional cement composition cannot be applied due to the devastating effects of high temperatures. For a brick fireplace, solutions containing clay will be suitable. But there may be much time on their cooking. If you spend all the steps, starting with the definition of clay quality and ending with the consistency, it will take up to 10 days.

Ready glue for furnaces and fireplaces has a profitable advantage that lies in the simplicity and efficiency of its preparation. It is produced in the form of a powder where you should simply add a certain amount of water, or in the form of mastic in the already prepared form.

The design of fireplaces consists of several nodal elements. Each element is characterized by certain operating conditions. Requirements for adhesive compositions are different. So, some can be applied in the heart of the fireplace, where the temperature exceeds 1000 ° C of degrees, while others are suitable for such works, like decoration, chimney construction, building.

What do the basic parameters say

Many beginner masters mistakenly believe that such indicators such as heat resistance, thermal resistance, heat resistance and refractory are synonymous with one parameter. Then, in the case of the use of a universal agent, in which all these characteristics are highly pronounced, they can simply cope with all the functions. The professional masters distinguish these terms and manipulate these parameters by selecting the composition for various types of work.

  • The heat-resistant glue is capable at temperatures above 140 ° C for several hours to maintain technical properties.
  • Thermopront material must maintain its quality for a long time.
  • The heat-resistant material increases the temperature bar of the heat-resistant glue 10 times.
  • Heat resistance. ability to preserve qualities with prolonged exposure of temperatures, over 1000 ° C of degrees.
  • The fire-resistant composition contacts directly (open contact) with the flame itself within a few hours.
  • Refractory glue is adapted to a long-term contact with fire.

In the event that glue composition pronounced only certain characteristics, then such a material is suitable for performing a narrow interval of work.

Heat resistant and refractory mixtures are used when laying chamotte bricks in the very furnace. They form a durable solution, which during drying has high adhesion and withstand critical temperatures without cracking. The heat-resistant compositions are often used for masonry furnaces in heat exchange places or in brick chimney labyrinths.

From inexperienced masters often come to use heat-resistant glue in all types of work, as it has the highest performance. Such a thought can be formulated from the misunderstanding of the main processes that occur in the furnace or fireplace when they work.

Some contacting surfaces (walls of the fireplace and their cladding) have different expansion coefficients. Only elastic material can be a link, which is not heat-resistant glue. After drying, heat-resistant mixtures are able to deform without destruction under the action of external forces. Such glue is suitable for facing a fireplace frame, like a tile solution or in places where the temperature does not exceed 140 ° C of degrees.

Features of the composition

Ready-made mixtures that can be used in a bary exhibit the necessary properties due to its composition. Here, besides cement and sand, chamotte fibers and synthetic additives are necessarily present.

The glue for the tile usually contains plasticizers that are added to the strength solution. For indicators of resistance to temperatures correspond to chammed fibers. Their large quantity makes the solution special: laid brick can not be shifted from the place, otherwise all the properties of the composition are broken.

glue, furnaces, fireplaces, fireproof

What to choose as glue

Those who have not had time to gain experience in masonry affairs on ovens or fireplaces, but decided to independently fulfill all the work, will be surprised by an incredible variety of materials that are represented by various manufacturers. But such a variety will not benefit to the visitor, because the more alternative options, the more difficult it is to make a choice.

The main characteristics of the mixtures and the methods of their preparation are written on the package. But only a professional will be able to correctly take advantage of these data. It remains to focus on popular brands that have proven themselves with high-quality universal products.

  • The heat-resistant glue “Terracot” due to high adhesion is recommended in facing works. Perfectly bonded with a tile and decorative stone. Withstand temperatures up to 250 ° C of degrees, but it is destroyed at high mechanical loads. Not suitable for masonry lower rows. Under the brand of “Terracot” you can meet the heat-resistant masonry mixtures.
  • If the finish is not planned, then the brickwork must be carried out so that the layer of the solution is the minimum possible. Then the appearance of the masonry will be the original designer discovery. High Elastic Glue “Profix” Suitable for finishing with various materials and can act as a masonry solution. With it, it is convenient to perform thin seams between bricks.
  • Making a brick fireplace or oven will help the Universal SCANMIX Fire solution, which is positioned like heat-resistant. Products from the Finnish company are in demand from professional cookies. Its limit on the temperature indicator reaches 1200 ° C of degrees.
  • In most cases, independent work is carried out with certain errors that have to be corrected due to cladding. But everyone knows that for sticking tiles, a perfectly smooth surface is required, which is not able to create a newcomer. Ceresit Flex CM 16 glue differs from the analogues by allowing work on an uneven surface. It is packaged and released in paper bags and has an affordable cost of a bag of 25 kg. “Ceresit Flex cm 16” often ask beginner masters to advice more experienced.
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How to work with glue

About the globe told, now it is necessary to tell about the technique of applying to the surface. In fact, some special working conditions with this material does not exist. The only thing you need to do is prepare the surface.

  • Preliminary surface preparation is to get rid of extraneous elements and layers.
  • After that, it is recommended to degrease the surface. For these purposes, special degreasing funds are ideal.

In some cases, additional steps are required. They are in the primer surface. However, these actions take place with a strong absorbent surface.

Non Combustible Building Materials Around Fireplace Opening

Composition, appointment and instructions for use

Modern glue may vary in composition, application, cost, etc. In any case, you should choose such a remedy, given first of all the characteristics of the connected surfaces. For heating materials, for example, it is necessary to use only heat-resistant glue.

Types of composition

It is found today for sale both synthetic and natural heat-resistant glue. The first type of funds, among other things, contains in its composition of various kinds of additives designed to give them special properties:

This glue can be produced on the basis of polymers, monomers, oligomers. Also on sale today there are compositions of this variety, made of combinations of such substances. The most heat-resistant glue. synthetic. manufactured on the basis of inorganic compounds. Some such funds can, for example, to withstand temperatures up to 3000 ° C.

The main component of the natural glue is sodium silicate in the form of a solution of liquid glass. Also, such tools may include, for example, chammed fibers, sand, mineral supplements.

Varieties of use

The heat-resistant glue can be applied to connect a variety of materials. For example, today there are their varieties, intended for gluing dishes, metal, wooden or plastic knots of different kinds of equipment, etc. But most often such glue is used today when laying ovens. At the same time, some varieties of compositions of this type are intended to assemble the furnaces and pipes of such heating equipment. Other types of heat-resistant glue can be used for facing furnaces and fireplaces tiles.

Another common type of such funds are intended for compounding metal surfaces. The compositions of this type are common name “cold welding”. When choosing means of the named variety, among other things, you should pay attention to that for connecting which metals they are intended. Supply of such glue to the market can be in the form of both liquid compositions and mastic or pastes.

Clay masonry glue

Modern heat-resistant drugs intended for the construction of fireplaces and furnaces are able to withstand temperatures up to 1000 ° C. At the same time, one of their features is that they do not lose their properties even after repeated impact on the open fire.

In most cases, the means of this species contain in its composition clay. Also, the components of such adhesive are usually:

For sale glue of this type comes in the form of dry mixtures. Before use for masonry, they are simply inducing in the proportion specified by the manufacturer.

There are clay varieties of heat-resistant glue very cheap. In this case, they are used most often for masonry furnaces working on solid fuel.

Mixes for fireplaces with plasticizers

Such glue belong to the universal group. It is supplied to the market, both in the form of dry mixtures and pastes. Most often, they are used to masonry brick heating equipment. The composition of the heat-resistant glue for stoves of this variety is usually the following:

Such glue is even more heat-resistant than clay. Mixtures of this variety can withstand temperatures up to 1500 ° C. Talco chlorite glue is thus better than a clay. However, such compositions are much more expensive.

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Fireproof glue for heat-resistant tiles

The fastest formulations of special types are used for facing furnaces and fireplaces. Most often, tiles on such heating equipment are fixed using aluminosilicate and kaolin glue. White clay and cement are commonly used as binding components in this material. Also in the composition of the facing of furnaces, includes in most cases:

This glue for facing furnaces and fireplaces is not only tiled, but also a porcelain. There are means of this species relatively inexpensive. However, at the same time, they, unfortunately, do not differ in durability. Liquid glass, which is included in their composition, after 20 years loses its plastic properties and starts to crumble.

The most popular brand of such funds at the moment is the consumers “Terracot”. The heat-resistant glue from this manufacturer, judging by consumer reviews, is characterized by ease of use and simply excellent adhesive properties. Tile on such a paste to go smoothly and keeps in the future long. At the same time, there is a glue “Terracot” relatively inexpensive.

What is a heat-resistant metal glue

Such formulations are usually synthetic. Metals are most often glued with their help. But if you wish, the means of this species can also be used to connect glass and ceramic materials. Sometimes adhesive of this variety is used in brickwork.

In most cases, the means intended for the compound of metal elements are able to withstand temperatures up to 1000 ° C. But for some stamps, this indicator can be 3000 ° C. Metal nodes bonded using heat-resistant means of this species can endure even serious mechanical loads. The only lack of heat-resistant glue for metal is that with their use you can not glue bulky details.

Instructions for use to clay mixtures

As already mentioned, it is most often used for masonry furnaces and fireplaces. Instructions for use for mixtures of this species is sufficiently simple. Made such adhesive as follows:

  • some part of the mixture is poured into a bucket or pelvis;
  • thoroughly mix components;
  • pour warm water in the pelvis in such a quantity to get a consistency convenient for masonry.

What to take?

Knowledge of the physicochemical properties of the base glue, its choice is greatly simplified, but it is also necessary to keep in mind the scope of application specified by the manufacturer. For example., TERRACOTSOPERKIN Non bad masonry glue, but the reliability of the facing on it the manufacturer guarantees only if it is also of terracotta tiles. The base of terracotoscoperkina clay-cement-chamotnaya and therefore it is necessary to put cladding materials on it with 2-4 rows with beams for grabbing glue. How the furnace cladding is carried out by terracotta, see. track.

Glue Plovetonite Supercohol Fireupor can also be used for masonry, this is a good heat-resistant adhesive for the oven, but the best of domestic data is K-77, it is fundamentally oven masonry glue on aluminosilicates. In addition to the expensive Scannmix, it is perhaps the only option for laying a fireplace / oven, T.to. keeps large minus temperatures, does not miss moisture and her pairs.

Profix Adhesives, Hercules and Ivsil Termix are designed for tiles, but the first TCR “specializes” on the tile, the Hercules is suitable for any facing of the fireplace or oven, in T.C. Heavy (natural stone), and Ivsil Termix has proven itself well on the portals of wood fireplaces with chamotte open furnace. As for P11 P11 and Cerezite C16 and C17, it is heat-resistant general purpose adhesives, the facing on them holds tightly, only if in the fireplace finished factory metal furnace with glass.

Note: There is a fairly wide selection of tiled chimneys of the Belorussian and Ukrainian. However, the upper limit of the heat resistance and the first, as a rule, is 180, and the second 150 degrees, which is sufficient at best for facing the fireplace tent with the finished closed furnace. Save on the source materials, or what?

Production of heat-resistant tile glue with their own hands

For decorative tiles with a thickness of no more than an ordinary tile, use clay, cement and river sand in a ratio of 1: 1: 3. It is important to choose the components. Special attention is paid to clay with which some difficulties may arise. It is checked as follows:

  • Twisted between palms in the harness.
  • Wrapping the resulting harness around the cylindrical subject.
  • Assess the state of clay for the resulting cracks. If only the top layer of the harness is torn, the clay is fat and need to add sand. The composition is considered normal if the gaps are evenly distributed over the entire length of the harness and amount to 1/3-1 / 4 of its thickness. Deeper breaks (from ½ thickness) show that clay skinny and it requires a lie.

The lore is prepared independently:

  • Crop the polyethylene canister;
  • 1/5 of her part of the clay of fine grinding;
  • poured with water, stirred;
  • waiting for precipitation;
  • pour half of the supernatant;
  • The precipitate is allowed and used as a healing.

Clay, cement and river sand are mixed in dry form, poured with water and wash manually. The resulting solution should be homogeneous consistency and normal viscosity (the trail from the cracking properly cooked composition does not break and does not float). Add 200 g sodium chloride. Glue is ready for use.

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Criterias of choice

Along with the high skills qualification, the laying of fireplaces and furnaces requires the use of high-quality materials, mortars, adhesive compositions and mixtures.

Operating characteristics of glue must comply with the high temperature mode of operation and the requirements for regulatory technical documentation.

Among the main criteria for the choice of refractory heat-resistant adhesive compositions for furnaces and fireplaces:

  • Purpose of the solution: for masonry brick, for cladding or for plaster;
  • The composition of the adhesive mixture;
  • packing;
  • Consumption for 1m² of fireplace area, furnaces;
  • properties of material;
  • the possibility of use for outdoor and internal works;
  • manufacturer company;
  • The cost of refractory heat-resistant glue for furnaces and fireplaces.

Fireplaces. Home Floor and Mapei Decor

  • Measure and mark the central points of the left and right edges of the walls in the area between the lower end of the casing and over the fireplace opening.Use the chalk line tool, a Chinese marker or pencil to create a dryer for a trimmer connecting two points.
  • Measure and mark the central points of the lower end of the casing and the top edge of the fireplace opening. Create a trimmer line connecting these points. The intersection of two lines notes the focus center of the fireplace.
  • Using the carpenter level, make sure that the horizontal line for the trimmer, denoting the vertical center of the focus point, is at one level, and if necessary, adjust it.
  • Take time to carefully plan the layout.It is best to have cut tiles in the top of the wall, right under the lining, and the entire tiles are located in a row adjacent to the top of the manual opening. You probably also have cut tiles at the bottom of the left and right walls adjacent to the floor or hearth.
  • It may be useful to plan the placement of the tile by creating a “history post”. To make a history post, first decompose the tile with pads between each tiled on a flat surface, which will represent your tiled wall (left right = bottom to up).Then mark all the sizes of tiles and seams on a long wooden rod. Turn on decorative inserts and accent tiles. Transfer the label to the wall surface and check the placement.
  • If you use border tile for framing the fireplace of the fireplace or use the decorative accent tile, measure and mark the lines indicating these areas.
  • Perform dry laying of a row of tiles (or sheets of mosaic tile), placing tiles (or sheets) to the desired position with gaskets along the reference lines to check the accuracy and define tile cuts.Adjust the reference lines if necessary.
  • Pre-dry all tiles, except for the bottom row (first row) tiles on the left and right walls surrounding the fireplace.
  • On the left and right walls, mark the fastener for the trimmer of the beginning of the second row of tiles.
  • Attach 3 wooden planks to the base with screws. Accounting book bands will serve temporary tile supports until the solution dry.

A very long bar must be located just below the top edge of the manual opening.It should cover the entire length of a row of tiles from the left edge of the wall to the right edge of the wall. Barrielic strips should be used to support the second row of tiles at the bottom of each of the left and right walls. The upper part of each accounting board will notice where the second row of tiles will begin.

Preparation of composition at home

To prepare the composition to cope with fixation on the furnace of tile materials thick not exceeding the tale thickness indicators, it should be prepared:

Clay should be refractory to check its stability, you need:

  • Twist the material with hands in harness.
  • Wrap it around the subject in the form of a cylinder.
  • Next, look at the appearance of cracks in the material if they are manifested only in the top layer, then you should add sand. In the norm, the cracks should be distributed over the entire surface of the harness evenly, while the depth should not exceed a third or quarter from the mass, if the thicker is flawed, then the lore must be applied.

For the preparation of the beggar, the following steps:

  • In the container fall asleep clay of fine grinding.
  • Add water well mixed components.
  • Sidelia is waiting for the appearance.
  • Half fluid need a precipitate.
  • Next, the mixture must be broken, the lore is ready.

First produce stirring sand, clay, cement, after water is added. You need to add it gradually by checking the viscosity. Then Sol is added. Again everyone is thoroughly mixed.

The heat-resistant glue for furnaces and fireplaces must withstand special operating conditions, so special requirements are presented to it. You need to choose, carefully studying the instructions. For beginners, it is preferable to stop the choice on finished solutions.