Warm floor under the tile

The line of heating mats PROFIMAT 180 W. for cold flooring.Profimat heating mat Set easy to put in thin (8-10 mm) layer of glue. The system can be used under any coating: tile, marble, laminate, linoleum and carpeted. This solution is suitable for any type of premises.

The line of heating mats PROFIMAT 180 W. for cold flooring.Profimat heating mat Set easy to put in thin (8-10 mm) layer of glue. The system can be used under any coating: tile, marble, laminate, linoleum and carpeted. This solution is suitable for any type of premises.

The line of heating mats PROFIMAT 180 W. for cold flooring.Profimat heating mat Set easy to put in thin (8-10 mm) layer of glue. The system can be used under any coating: tile, marble, laminate, linoleum and carpeted. This solution is suitable for any type of premises.

The line of heating mats PROFIMAT 180 W. for cold flooring.Profimat heating mat Set easy to put in thin (8-10 mm) layer of glue. The system can be used under any coating: tile, marble, laminate, linoleum and carpeted. This solution is suitable for any type of premises.

The line of heating mats PROFIMAT 180 W. for cold flooring.Profimat heating mat Set easy to put in thin (8-10 mm) layer of glue. The system can be used under any coating: tile, marble, laminate, linoleum and carpeted. This solution is suitable for any type of premises.

Warm floor set “Warmstad” is a high-quality heating system, which is a very affordable and acceptable price. Suitable for use in any premises. Warm floor “Warmstad” is made according to the latest technologies, reliable and safe, certified.Supplies: Two-housing Mat WSM.Mounting tube with plug.

IQWATT systems are designed in Canada. a country with a harsh climate and cold winters. According to the test results, iQwatt products are ideal for Russia.

Select the optimal option

It is possible to warm up the floor covering with a heating cable or thermomat. Each option is inherent in their advantages and disadvantages, which should be found before going to the store.

Cable electric warm floor has a lower cost, but correctly calculate the length of the cable and perform it is quite difficult to perform it. In addition, laying the cable warm floor under the tile involves the installation of a thicker band screed, which will lead to a decrease in the height of the room.

The heating mat is an advanced version of the conductor, so it has great advantages. From the design features, you can select the placement of the cable on a special mesh of fiberglass tissue with a smooth step between the turns.

One of the advantages of the thermomat is a simple calculation of the material, for this it is enough to know the area of ​​the room. On this parameter in a specialized store acquire a roll of the desired size.

Basic installation rules for floating floors

Despite the different preheating principle, there are several basic principles for mounting all types of warm floors under floor tiles.

The first common rule is the removal of the old screed after the direct dismantling of the coating. This is allowed to win a few centimeters of the room height, which is especially relevant in low ceiling apartments or if heated is mounted only in one room.

The second basic rule is the level alignment. Any wpadina or bulge will withdraw and building a warm floor. All the garbage should be removed, and gaps and pits smeared. Only after that you can start waterproofing

For waterproofing, you can use special compositions, such as liquid glass or bitumen. Special attention should be paid to bathrooms. If moisture gets through the screed, this will lead to gradual destruction of concrete. It is relevant for private houses, and for apartments.

After waterproofing, it is necessary to make thermal insulation. Its thickness is determined individually, depending on the height of the ceilings and the plot level between the rooms. The thinner layer of the insulation, the more heat losses will be.

It will inevitably increase energy consumption costs for floor heating. In case of installation of floors with electrical heating type, the absence of heat insulation will cause premature production of equipment resources

Another rule is the need to reinforce the floor under the tile.

For this, ready-made reinforced meshes with wire thickness not more than 6 mm.

It is necessary to strengthen the screed and prevent its cracking. Fragments of the reinforced grid are associated with knitting wire

Mixtures with plaster base can not be used to fill the tie tie under the tile. They are too fragile and are not suitable for pressure. In addition to fragility, they do not have the properties needed for clutch with tiled glue.

It is necessary to use leveling mixtures such as bulk. They give the best effect, since the surface is obtained smooth and suitable for laying a tile with a minimum flow of adhesive solution.

Cable Heal Placement Rules

Before installing new equipment, which will create a load on wiring in an apartment or house, you need to make sure that the wiring will end it. First you need to make marking where electric mats will run.

When planning in the apartment you need to exclude the gasket in the locations of the stationary installed large furniture without legs, plumbing devices and household appliances. This is due to the fact that electricity creates a magnetic field that will be able to interfere with household appliances.

It is impossible to lay a warm floor under the tile where the bathroom, bathroom and shower was installed. In these places, high risk of moisture and short circuit

When planning, also cannot be laid out electric heating in places of location of water pipes and gas pipes.

Determination of power, cable cross-section and wiring in the house

The minimum distance from each wall should be at least 10 cm. You also need to exclude areas where furniture is installed. The area for installing mats is calculated by subtracting from the total area of ​​the sum of square meters, where there will be no installation.

The resulting number must be multiplied by 140 W if the floor is not used as the main source of heat supply. If only the floor is planned to be used for heating, then multiply is needed by 180 W.

On the basis of the data obtained, you can purchase a cable or electric mats for heating outdoor coating.

As for wiring, it is necessary to calculate the total power of the instruments that are used in the apartment. This information can be found in instructions for technology, and it is also duplicated on the instrument housing.

The resulting total power must be adjusted, multiplodent on the coefficient of 0.8. This is amendment that all devices will not work in the apartment at the same time. Based on the data obtained on this table, you can determine the desired section of the copper cable

Aluminum is not suitable for wiring at home, where the installation of the heating system of the flooring is planned. This is caused by the fact that copper has the best thermal conductivity. The table also needs to determine the current and put the automata on the electricity meter.

If the wiring in the apartment does not correspond to the necessary characteristics, it must be replaced before installing the heating cable or mats. If this is not done, the electricity will be disconnected in the apartment, and then the outlet will start melting.

Ultimately, it will lead to a short circuit and fire. It is dangerous and should not save on security, especially if the house or apartment is made of combustible materials. We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the schemes of the posting in the apartment and the recommendations on its installation with their own hands. To do this, go by reference.

Installing mats and installation of the control system

The installation process of electrical mats is easier and faster than the installation of the cable. Them is sufficiently placed on the heating area, which was determined when drafting the scheme.

The cable will have to be laid on the mounting tape, which is a metal fastener fixed in the floor tie. When laying the cable, you need to make turns of the same width

heating, cable, warm, floor, tile

This will provide a uniform level of heating of the floor surface. During installation, it is not recommended to do cable breaks.

On what type of heating to stop the choice?

Under the tile best suited heating mats, water, electric water floors. The option of the cable system should be considered if there are skills of self-laying of such floors or you can order this service for reasonable money. It is worth remembering that a problem with the diagnosis and repair of breakdowns may occur.

Water floor. relatively cheap heating. If you can connect the contour of heating to the gas boiler, you can provide economical heating of the floor. If you have to use electricity, it is better to give preference to the electro-water system

Film infrared floors are considered the worst solution, despite efficiency and efficiency. They are great for mounting under the laminate, but badly “get along” with tiles. Specialists advise choose other, more practical, heating option.

Double-tier resistive cable

This cable, as follows from its name, has not one, but two veins. One of them serves to carry out electric current, and the second. to highlight heat. The advantage of two-core cables is that there is no need to reduce when laying two end at one point. Also, the two-core cable has additional insulation and return.

To make an efficient and durable warm floor cable under the tile better choose a self-regulating element.

heating, cable, warm, floor, tile

It has many advantages compared to one- and dwelling elements, including:

  • the ability to change the heating power by increasing or decrease the air temperature;
  • Reliable mechanical, electrical and chemical protection due to external and inner protective layers and metal braid (about “warm floor heats badly: what to do”).

The design of self-regulating cable is much more complicated than resistive. As a heating element, a semiconductor matrix appears for most types of heat.

Installation of a warm floor based on a heating cable, in detail on

What is the cost of electric heating floor

Approximate for various types of warm floors from well-known manufacturers:

  • Thermomomat of Warmstad WSM with a capacity of 100 watts, covers an area of ​​0.65 kV. M. Costs 1665
  • Warm floor Climatiq with a capacity of 50 W, with an area of ​​0.5 kV. M. Its price is 1550
  • Heating cable IQ Watt Floor Cable length 7.5 m. The heating area is 1.0 kV. M. The cost is 2608

Choosing a suitable cable warm floor design and installing it, the apartment owner will receive a convenient and reliable means of heating an apartment. At the same time, it is important to know how to choose the choice of a suitable brand and how the installation process takes place.

What is better to choose an electric warm floor under the tile

Electric warm floors are divided into two large groups: cable and infrared. At cable floors, the heating element is a cable, and in infrared. composite rods or films with conductive carbon strips applied to it. Cable floors are supplied either in the form of a cable itself, or a heating mat. The heating mat is a cable attached with a certain step to the base. The basis, as a rule, is a mesh of fiberglass, or foil. Before buying, you need to specify with a manufacturer or seller, with some coating, one or another product is combined. For tiles, both variants of cable floors are used (except for foils, since their installation does not imply a durable clutch of plates, glue and base), as well as rod. Infrared film used with tiles quite rarely.

Electric warm floors. a universal means for heating residential premises, they are allowed to connect to existing wiring systems in apartment buildings

Heating cable. This is the perfect option if the repair of the room begins with zero, or overhaul is planned. To mount such a warm floor, you need to pull the screed and lay the cable in the layer of the solution 3-5 cm thick. The advantage of the cable is that the stacking step can be adjusted the total heating capacity. For example, a bathroom, where high humidity, you can put the cable tightly and thereby enhance heating, and for a small room without a balcony, on the contrary, make a step wider and reduce the power. Recommended power for residential rooms with the main source of heat. from 120 W / m2. For bathrooms or cold rooms. 150-180 W / m2. We recommend considering two-housing cables due to the relative simplicity of laying compared to one-core.

Perfect choice to ensure comfortable floor surface temperature and for basic room heating

heating, cable, warm, floor, tile

Draw a room plan

It is necessary, if possible, have an accurate idea of ​​where stationary furniture without legs will be located, such as built-in cabinets, kitchen heads, or, for example, washing machine. Lay the warm floor under such furniture is not recommended.

Remember about styling subtleties. For example, the temperature sensor must retreat from the wall by 50 cm, and the cable should not be located closer than 10 cm from the walls with radiators and retreat from the walls without heating devices by 5 cm.

Preparatory stage: place under the box and wire

The wall has to make a stroke (20 × 20 mm) under the wiring of the thermostat and the device itself. As a rule, it is installed at an altitude of 80 cm from the floor. If you are placing a warm floor under the tile in the bathroom, then you should not withdraw the thermostat to the room. secure it outside. To arouse a place under the thermostat box, take a drill crown. You should not put “naked” wires to the groove, they must be placed in a corrugated tube. 220-230 volts feed the thermostat.

Paul preparation

Clean the floor concrete base, roll the heat-insulation rolls. it is necessary for efficient operation of a warm floor. Experts recommend using polyethylene as thermal insulation. On top of the heat insulation distributed mounting tape. At the “Teplolyuk”, for example, it comes with a cable.

Laying heating cable

The cable is located “Snake”. Step must be calculated by itself, manufacturers, as a rule, in the instructions detail describe how to do. The shorter step, the higher the power per square meter. It is also necessary to remember that there are limit values ​​- they must be recognized by the manufacturer. Many manufacturers recommend not to take a step less than 5 cm. The distance between the turns is calculated by this formula:

100 (heated area / length of one section) = stacking pitch in centimeters.

Before laying a section, it is necessary to check its resistance, it should coincide with what is indicated in the complete papers from the manufacturer. Cable coils do not have to intersect when measurements should not be avoided;.

On the mounting ribbon there are special tongues that are clamping cable. The installation wire is attached to the heating section using a coupling, connection and grounding schemes need to be viewed in the manufacturer’s documents.

If you decide to lay the heating mat, the resistance should also be measured, however, you get rid of the need to calculate the step, fix the ribbon and lay the cable.

Production of warm floor “Teplovolux”.

Production of warm floor “Teplovolux”.

Production of warm floor “Teplovolux”.

Production of warm floor “Teplovolux”.

How to Lay and Install Underfloor Heating Mats Prior to Tiling. Tile Mountain

Temperature sensor

Temperature sensor must retreat half a meter from the wall on which the thermostat is. The sensor is placed in the mounting tube (it performs a protective function) and closed with a plug. The tube must be fixed between the threads of the heating cable at an equal distance from them using the mounting tape.


After the place under the thermostat is ready, and the wires are connected, do not forget to de-energize the wiring. The thermostat has several conclusions in which the wires need to be connected. Contact your instrument instructions to connect correctly. The back cover of the thermostat is placed in a dispenser and fastened with screws, and the front panel is worn from above. After that, you can check the serviceability of the system and connectivity.

Electricity Warm floor under the tile. the perfect solution for bathrooms, toilets and kitchens. Similar rooms require about 120-180 W / m2 thermal power to achieve comfortable air temperatures in them. Here, such a heater can be used as the main source of heat. The area of ​​heated coating under the feet is small, and the energy consumption in the end comes out not so serious.

In the rest of the rooms, thermoplas are recommended only as an additional heating system. Even with the installation of thermostats, electricity consumption in this case will leave considerable. And if you close the entire floor with the heating film or cable, then the bills for electricity will be simply huge.