Main Rules: How to learn to sew on a sewing machine from scratch?

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In childhood, you came up with dolls of outfits and dreamed of becoming a designer? Or wanted to do something with their own hands for your own child?

Or maybe you will not wait to get the dress of your dreams, the search for which was taken by all weekends and did not bring the result?

If the answer is “yes”, then everything is simple. learn to sew. This is useful, interesting and practical at any age.

Secret: Sewing machine badly promotes fabric? There is a simple solution

If during sewing machine well promotes fabric, you just need to adjust the teeth. They are not strong enough to surface.

Let’s release the hexagon key here is such a screw:

Regulate eccentric and tighten back.

make, smooth, line, sewing, machine

What are the work seams

Using this type of lines, you can solve almost any task when you sewing the product. Smooth, with the right tension of the thread, the seams. the result of the professionalism of the master. Although it is worth noting, a lot of one also depends on the model of the sewing machine.

Straight line: Central and left

The easiest and, at the same time, the universal stitch. Connects product details, used when losing material.

  • Direct single.
  • Triple reinforced (applied in working with dense or knitted materials to enhance the strength of the seam).

In some sewing machine models, you can install a paw with a separator. With this foot, the line will turn out perfectly smooth. For this, the fabric when working in such a way that it is left of the separator. The needle is also on the left.


Used to bulk edges, and an elastic look. for elastic stuffing. Triple enhanced zigzag, as well as triple straight stitch, is used to enhance the strength of the seam or as a decorative finish.

To create such a line, tensioning the tension of the sewing machine. top and bottom, while the length of the lines is set to 1.5-2 cm.

How to sew counted

Indispensable with hidden binder on dense tissues. To work with elastic materials it will be suitable for an elastic secret line.

To create such a stitch, it is necessary to control the needle to take place as close as possible to the folded edge of the fabric, capturing only a few filaments of the fabric. In the opposite case on the outside it will be possible to see the traces of this line.

Sewing machine creates 4 stitch straight lines and one wide zigzag, slightly capturing the needle product on the left round.

How to sew an overlock imitation

Such stitches on the usual typewriter are created only as a visual imitation of a seam made on Overlock.

For elastic fabrics

Most often decorative or elastic zigzag.

How to get a knitted seam on the sewing machine

To create a knitted seam, it is always recommended to use specialized equipment by the type of dispenser. However, if there is no access to a similar device, it is possible to implement the intended sewing machine using a conventional sewing machine.

But it is very important to use special threads and needles that will be able to provide a high-quality line.

Here are some tips, following which will be able to get a good knitted seam on the sewing machine:

  • It is necessary to purchase special needles in advance with rounded tips, which will not pierce the fabric, how much to push it. Conventional needles with ease of rut thin and medium knit.
  • Threads are better to choose polyester. They are practically in any sewing store, so there will be no problems with buying.
  • Well, if there will be a built-in top conveyor in the sewing machine. It is usually embedded directly above the needle plate and allows you to evenly move the top layer of fabric.
  • In some cases, you can use some cunning, laying under the fabric and over her sheets of paper. The firmware goes straight over the sheets, which later can be ease. So manages to get a smooth seam.

How to sew exactly?

Robust Strategies of Beginner Girls. Curves! Even if it reads the smartest books on sewing technology, it is unlikely to know what is talking about in the video, which I prepared for novice porn and not only.

Look at work professional seamstress. nice. How deftly her everything turns out! And from this there is even more complexes!

But in fact, everything is much easier than it seems. And in this video I want to help sew exactly everyone wants to still sew!

As in any work, in sewing there are its standards and rules that have been forgotten from recently. And they:

Screw fastening of the manifold line to the foot

In the training knitted boom, we have all the technology. And this means high-quality sewing. guaranteed!

Warranty level lines auxiliary foot

  • Did you benefit this video for you?
  • How at one time learned to do smooth lines you?
  • What else is the difficulty when you study sew?

Thanks to! For beginners very useful lessons. I will always be Rada.

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Hello Irina! You are a master of your business! I am very interested to watch your videos. MLEJE from your accuracy, sequence and beauty of work performed! I remember my works in the past year I myself (my mother’s lessons) Husband Giruchnye shirts

Irina, thank you very much for the useful information. Proverb right: “Web live, learning a century. “

Dear Irina!Your “secrets” are always the necessary and served available and simply!After viewing them, I want to sit behind the car and try!Thank you so much for your course!Personally, he helps me very much!Health to you and your loved ones and success!

Irina! Huge thanks for the secrets of sewing skills. Very useful video, helping to sew beautiful and efficiently.

Very useful video for beginners! I will advise all girls. I studied this long by trial and mistakes. And here everything is collected in a 15-minute lesson. Learn and rejoice. Thank you, Irina!

Many thanks for the video, Irina! For me very useful!

Amina, hello! On the industrial machine, the paw is narrow and difficulties in connection with this less. Now about expanding trousers in the belt.If there is no passage in the middle seam seam, then usually increase the volume in the belt due to lateral inserts, and maybe the lamps. Think about it!

Good morning Irina !Very useful video, thank you very much.I have an industrial machine so it’s not a needle to move like you, but I also try to make lines straight.

I can ask you a question, I was given children’s trousers to the rework of the belt (that is, to increase by several cm), passports and there it will not work out just like that, and I resolve the rear seam that connects the left and right half (at the bottom of the belt) and further enlarge girth of the belt due to the triangular insert, I understand correctly and do? Sorry that I explained so long.

Lightning foot

This device is used to apply seam at a certain distance from the bend. The right edge of the paws is aligned along the edge of the part, and the needle must enter the right groove. Thus, it is very convenient to sew a wide braid and oblique bay.

Is it possible to sew knitwear on a conventional sewing machine

Tricat. Strauter fabric from which convenient and practical things are created.

Due to the fact that the material is easily stretched, it is capable of saving not every machine.

Therefore, for creating products, a special sewing knitted device is used or the so-called seam, which makes a flat seam, as well as Overlock or Covers.

Knitwear can also be sewed on a common typewriter, but problems arise due to the fact that the material can be:

  • Pull and stronger stretch when stitching.
  • Slippery and smooth, so the details are unevenly stepping.
  • Too thin, so the paw does not presser him.
  • Overly viscous and thin, and during a seam when jumping needles climb together with a needle.

If such problems occur, you can take the following:

  • If the material is too stretched with sewing, it is necessary to close the seam location, wait until this place will dry up, and strain.
  • When the fabric is smooth and slides, it is recommended to put paper under it. The conveyor will move the sheet of paper forward, and with it and matter.
  • If the parts are unevenly stated due to slippery material, they first shut manually, and then the line is done on the typewriter.
  • When the paw does not press the fabric due to the fact that it is too thin, the foot must be adjusted or put under the knitwear paper in several layers.
  • If the matter is too viscous, a thin strip is cut out of the paper and superimposed on the fabric to the fabric where it is planned to make a line.

Important! When sewing a large number of knitted things, it is recommended to purchase special equipment, since the seams made on a conventional machine will not look as high quality and gently like those that are made on overlock or knitwear.

Trickle sewing tricks on a conventional sewing machine

Many who tried to sew knitwear on the usual sewing machine, noticed that often the machine refuses to make a beautiful and smooth line. In the knit stitching, skipping is formed, the lower thread loops, and sometimes breaks down. Why this happens and how can i fix it?

First, for sewing fabrics from knitwear, a special knitwash is used, it is called a plays woofer. a decollar ring or chain stitch machine. Sheos from her back side like a “pigtail”. Look any factory T-shirt processing, and you will make sure.

Secondly, a knitwear rack, having a differential (stretching tissue) rack with a simultaneous gasket of the heating chain stitch, is used to heat the knitwear sections.

Well, thirdly, special needles and threads are used to sewing knitwear. The last item is decisive for your sewing machine, so let’s deal with what a needle need to sew knitwear, what threads need to be used to get a high-quality line and consider other factors affecting the quality of the line.

make, smooth, line, sewing, machine

Needles for tailoring knitted fabrics

The reasons affecting the quality of the formed line when sharping knitwear. One of them is incorrectly selected needle. Universal needles that are most often used on the sewing machines “bad” are suitable for tailoring knitwear. Not enough that the sharp edge of the needle can damage the interweaving of knitted canvas, so it can still be the cause of too small loop near the needle ears. And the nose of shuttle just passes by her, without exciting the upper thread. As a result, missing appear.

Replace the universal needle with a special needle with a rounded edge, designed for sewing such tissues. The needle with such a tip does not puncture the fibers of knitwear, but passes between them and creates the best conditions for the formation of a loop. On the package with such needles there is an inscription “Jersy”, and “BALL POINT” means that the needles have rounded edges.

However, you should know that the purchase of packaging of special knitted needles does not always solve the problem, especially for sewing machines of the old type, type Podolskaya or Seagull. There are a number and other factors that will be discussed slightly below.

This scheme shows a knitted weave of tissue type stretch. Externally it resembles knitting knitting or typewriter, so and is called knitted fabric. “Spring” loops give tissues a lot of useful qualities, such as extensibility, weak reinforcement, etc., But at the same time create certain difficulties when sewing them on ordinary household sewing machines.

Threads for knitted fabrics and their tension

Sewing knitwear “doesn’t like” no straight strife machine. Knitwear for sewing machine shuttle stitch. this is a test that are not all cars. True, modern household machines fully cope with this task, subject to some requirements. As you already understood, one of them is a high-quality thread and its correct tension.

Sewing threads must be thin, elastic and durable. Basically, all types of modern threads coming on the sale of the accessories department correspond to these parameters. But, nevertheless, it is necessary to determine which type of thread is suitable for your typewriter.

Naturally, you need to “forget” about finishing thick threads, and even more so about threads from the old reserves of grandmother. Ideally, for sewing knitwear, threads are suitable on conical large bobbins, but since they are quite expensive using threads on small coils, such as “ideal”.

Before sewing knitwear, you need to properly adjust the tension of the upper and lower thread.

Usually, the lower thread should not be adjusted, but when you sewing knitwear, it often allows you to eliminate the loop of the thread in the line. If, when pulling the upper thread, the loop is not stopped at the bottom, then try to loosen the tension of the lower thread slightly.

Please note that when you get the details of knitted fabric, in one of the directions, the line will be more weakened (usually transverse). Eliminate this “effect” with the help of the tension will not be able to. Just knitwear under the influence of foot and teeth of the RCECK is stretched, and after it takes the former shape and stitches weakened. By the way, the pressure of the paws also need to regulate.

To eliminate it using stabilizers (gaskets), including sliced ​​strips from a newspaper. A paper strip is paced under the fabric, and after, carefully pulls out of the seam. By the way, it is often exactly such a “tricky” method can eliminate skips in a line of a sewing machine Podolskaya or a seagull.

But naturally, it is too extravagant, to use which is undesirable. If you replaced the needles and picked up the threads, adjusted the tension, and the loop and passes did not disappear, it means you need to adjust the sewing machine. But only an experienced master can be configured to tailor knitted fabric.

What is the difference between knitwood overlock

Almost all modern household overlocks are knitted overlocks. The main difference between knitted overlock from the usual is that the knitted overlock has a special device of the rail (teeth under the paw). During the work of the rail, specially compresses (stretching) knitted fabric, and after heating the canvas is still stretched (tightened). As a result, seams turns out to be stretched and withstands more load on the gap.

For example, if you have a knitted fabric on a conventional typewriter, and at the same time strongly pull the tension of the thread to eliminate the slack in the line, then it will be very beautiful stitch, but fastening. Stretch this area with hands, and your beautiful seam just burst. This is the main purpose of knitwear. to perform an elastic and stretchable seam.

3 TIPS for Sewing Straight & Curved Lines | Sewing Machine Basics

Overlocks with differential rails can sew not only knitwear. This feature is easy to disable, using a special handle. And even, on the contrary, you can “make” the rail to collect cloth. You need to know that overlocks of old models, including overlock 51 classes, can not qualitatively perform the treatment of knitted tissues. And do not be surprised if the connecting seams of knitwear, treated with only three-dimensional overlock, will burst with time.