Setting up a sewing machine brizer

If the thread tension is incorrect, check the machine according to the following procedure:

Check the correctness of the filament.

(2) The lower thread is visible on the top of the material

Turn the tension control to “4”, and then refer to the top thread section are tightened for correct refueling.

  • Top thread is visible on the bottom of the material.
  • The lower thread has the kind of a straight line on the bottom of the material.
  • Stitches on the bottom chatting of the material are non-naughty or loop.

Turn the tension control to “4”, and then refer to the top thread section are tightened for correct refueling.

Check the needle compliance with material.

The sewing machine needle must be selected in accordance with the material and thickness of the used thread.


If the needle and the thread do not match the material, the thread tension cannot be adjusted properly, and will cause the material assembling or passing caps.

Select the desired settings on the tension regulator.

Turn the thread tension control to the desired value. The desired tension varies from the type of fabric and the thread used.

  • Adjust the thread tension during trial sewing on a piece of the same fabric on which you will sew a project.
  • If the refueling of the upper thread and the bottom threads are incorrect, the thread tension cannot be configured correctly, even turning the tension control. Check the upper tension and then the bottom tension and pass the tension.

When the bottom thread is visible from above.

Turn the tension control to a smaller value (left). Relaxing tension.

When the upper thread is visible from below.

(4) Lower thread (5) Top thread is visible from below

Turn the tension control to the greater value (right). Increasing tension.

In case of a serious breakdown of the sewing machine, it will be able to her only a competent specialist. Although, in most cases, the practice shows, the complex repair of the machine operating home is not required, and in order for it to use it, you only need to make it setting and adjust. And it can be done on their own, the main thing about to know and understand how to properly set up a sewing machine before work and which parts should be adjusted in it.

How to configure and adjust the sewing machine

For decorative work

On the sewing machine, you can not only become product details, but also to decorate the model assemblies, cords, embroidery and other techniques.

For decorative lines

Also used the name “for satin” or “satin” lines. The sole has a wide open space and is often performed from transparent plastic, which allows you to see all the features of the line and markup. Sliding plates smooth the thread, providing an “satin” surface.

For assemblies and folds

In combination with an increased tension of the upper thread, this foot allows you to perform a uniform discharging of the part. You can immediately sew the ruffle to the other, smooth, fabric. There are also special folds for folds that allow you to specify the exact value of the interval and depth.

For feeding cords and edge

These paws have a groove in which the finishing cord is invested or a thick decorative thread. Used for finishing clothes and accessories, interior textiles. Produced for one, three, five or seven cords (depends on the manufacturer), can also be calculated on the cord of different diameters.

For hopes

Sole with parallel grooves Allows you to perform neat offes on thin tissues (up to 9 pcs, depending on the model). An additional plastic “tongue”, fixable on the needle plate, will help make a more embossed finish.

For ribbons, rubber

Special design of the soles has ahead a hole for braid or gum of different widths, so that the finish is evenly served under the needle. Options with a wide slot are suitable for work in Sinel technique.

For beads and beads

Transparent paws with a groove are created to feed beads, pearls and other beads. Designed for a specific diameter, indicated in the description.

For bugs

In the middle of the sole, there is a protrusion, due to which volumetric loops are formed at sewage. After performing the line, they are cut, getting a fringe. Also suitable for laying copy stitches.

For embroidery

Typically, these paws have a sole in the form of a ring and are often performed from transparent plastic with an open front part to ensure maximum visibility of stitches. Construction of many models includes a spring. They can be applied for free shots or ducts.

For quilting

Pipples for patchwork sewing can be divided into two groups:

This technique is especially important to sew all parts with one battery width, which, according to tradition, is ¼ in. Therefore, the paws for the patchwork are made with such a width of one or two halves. They can have a built-in guide and be transparent.

For the Walking, spring paws are used in the form of a ring, sometimes with an open front part. Guide can be installed separately or to be built-in. Often, the top transporter is installed for this purpose, and Bernina has developed a special BSR foot, which allows you to adjust the stitch length during work for maximum accuracy when sewing multilayer products.

What paws are and for what they serve

Many modern household models are adapted to work with a large assortment of sewing paws. In addition to the standard, the basic set of several pieces is included in the accessory kit. Their number varies depending on the model of the machine, its cost and manufacturer.

Some models have only 5 pieces, and others. up to 14. Booking special devices can be used as needed during the operation of the machine.

This accessory can be made of different material: metal, high-quality polymer, transparent plastic, which largely depends on its purpose. Consider the types of paws most used by modern craftswomen.


Universal foot are equipped with all sewing machines. It is designed to perform two main seams: direct and zigzag with the ability to change the length and width of the stitch. Most needlewomen use only this paw for all sewing cases.

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Designed to perform uniform feeding of material with a special comb, does not allow the displacement of the layers on a very thin or thick fabric, including on a blanket or down jacket.

The walking paw is also called the upper conveyor. Helps to promote the product not by sliding, but moving movements.

For oblique beyk

Allows you to make an edging oblique bay with smooth seams at the same distance on both sides of the edge in one pass.

Snail in the design worst cloth and sends it in front of the needle. For different widths of faces use different paws. If in the snail a few slots of different sizes, that is, the ability to sew the places of different widths.

For lightning

Lightning sewing foot helps to do smooth seam at the same distance from the edge of the lightning without reversal of the product. Such adaptations are one-sided, double-sided, narrow, for secret lightning.

They also differ in the material from which are made: metal, plastic, teflon.

For buttons

With the help of this device, sewing zigzag flat buttons with holes at a distance from each other are not more than the maximum weld width for this model of the machine. The design has rubberized overlays so that the buttons do not slide.

The sewing is performed at a slow run with a disconnected lower conveyor. Before the sewing you need to make sure that the distance for Zigzag is exhibited correctly, otherwise the needle will break.


It is also called a blower, paw chopper, a device for a spin. It has a curuy device and for one passage makes the edge of the product twice and removing the smooth seam without prior stroke of the adjacent edges. Can perform a swing to different width.


Elastic fabric is such as knitwear, stretch, has a feature to stretch while performing seams in normal mode. For a flat beautiful lines, a knitted paw is required, which does not give the material hang and clog between the teeth of the lower conveyor. It prevents passing stitch and breaks.

To create hopes

Drops are created when sewing a double needle using a special foot. They are obtained on the product due to grooves on her sole. Them can be up to 9 pcs. depending on the model.

The height and thickness of the folds depends on the depth of the grooves. Can be used to create hopes with deposit cords.

For quilting

To cross the flap and embroidery on sewing machines, you can buy a delay for quilting. With it, it is good to make a duct and stitch, perform seams at a predetermined distance and at a certain angle.

Therefore, such paws are different. For a variety of lines you can buy a whole set.

For assemblies

Designed to perform soft assemblies and whales of the desired size. The device has two mechanical adjustments, thanks to which you can perform complex assemblies with more rare or frequent folds. To create assemblies, the sole is raised behind the needle and has thickening before the needle. She in one pass makes the assembly on one fabric and sews it to another.

For narrow bending

In the design of such a device there is a curl that bends the edge twice and immediately runs beautiful and even seam. Used for thin and delicate fabrics such as chiffon. Does not allow rapid edges. Can be used to process the edges of shas, ​​scarves, napkins, household goods.

For parallel lines

The paw is made of transparent plastic and has a markup, which allows it to perform parallel decorative lines. First one line is laid. Then it is located between the red guides on the transparent sole and the second line is performed in parallel to the first.


Not found in the standard set. Teflon foot is designed to work with high density tissues. Made of a special polymer, which makes it easy to slide when working with leather, suede, velvet, vinyl, and not cling. Works gently and leaves no traces. Does not cope with slippery tissues.

Instructions “Sewing Machine” (Brother)

Please note that in accordance with the Federal Law of the N 273-FZ “On Education in the Russian Federation” in organizations engaged in educational activities, training and education of students with ABS, both in conjunction with other student and in individual classes or groups.

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Instructions “Sewing machine device”

Stitching type selection knob. With this handle you install the need-duty line: straight, duct, zigzag or needle displacement for lightning sewing, hinge performance, etc.

Screw to fine tuning hinges. Not every typewriter has such an adjustment. It is designed to equalize the frequency (density) Sigzag lines when performing a loop. That is, in one of the zigzag directions it will be less likely, so before performing a loop, check it on trimming the same fabric. And if you need to adjust.

Removable table with accessories storage.5. Disc regulator tension top thread.

Fabric Movement Key in the opposite direction.7. Filament. Very convenient device, but requiring a certain habit. Usually they rarely use, just forgetting about it, cutting off the thread with scissors.eight. Clamp adapter knot.nine. Screw fastening adapter clamping leg.ten. Putting foot.

Needle plate.12. Shuttle knot.thirteen. Book cap.fourteen. Fabric conveyor comb (rail).fifteen. Sewing needle.sixteen. Screw needle holder.

Cover of the shuttle device.eighteen. Rod for installing coil.nineteen. Winding device bursts.20. Flywheel.21. Pedal connection socket.22. Lever presser foot.23. Power switch and light bulb.24. Built-in handle for carrying.25. Fitting guide, thread tension regulator when winding on a bobbin.

Accessories and Accessories Sewing Machine

Looping foot. Special foot with which it is convenient to perform the manufacture of loops. The size of the loop depends on the size of the button invested in it. In low-cost sewing machine models, looping is made in 4 reception.2. Pet for sewing clasp “Lightning”.3. POOT for sewing buttons.4. Eagle set.5. Double needle.6. Bowls.7. Block plate. This plate replaces the lever omitting crown. The plate is simply dressed on top of the rail, hiding the teeth so that the fabric does not move when working.eight. Screwdriver9. Extra rod for coil. This rod is needed when a double needle is used, its purpose. set the second coil.

Before installing the needle, you must definitely turn off the sewing machine from the network. It must be done especially for inexperienced, only beginner Remove the plug of the power cord from the electrical outlet.2. Raise the needle product in the extreme top.3. Lower the presser foot.4. If the needle is already installed, remove her, weakening the screw of the needle holder with hand or screwdriver, and pulling the needle down.5. Insert a new needle, a flat side facing the back of the machine, rushing it as high as possible until it stops into the stopper.6. Tighten the screw of the needle holder.

Check For high-quality sewing, a sewing needle must be straight and acute.2. To check straight needles, place it with a flat side down on a flat surface, as shown in the figure.3. If the needle beats or faded, replace it. Never try to straighten it or sharpe. Metal from which the needle is made is not intended for this.

Instruction “Replacement of a sewing machine foot”

Depending on the type of your work, it is necessary to replace the clamping leg. Move the network switch to “O”.one. Raise the needle to the extreme top position by turning the flywheel on yourself (counterclockwise), then lift the clamping leg lever.2. Disconnect the presser foot by lifting the lever on the back of the paw adapter node.3. Place your foot on the needle plate so that the transverse climbing foot is under the groove, at the bottom of the paw adapter.4. Lower the clamping leg lever and fix the paw in the adapter. If the presser foot is in the correct position, its crashes snaps into the adapter.

Instructions “Reverse Sewing Machine. Rest.

For sewing in the opposite direction, press the sewing key to the opposite direction and hold it in this position, slightly pressing at this time on the pedal. For sewing in the forward direction let go. Sewing in the opposite direction is used to secure and enhance the seams. It is possible to use the back promotion of the fabric for the execution of decorative lines, as well as the performance of the duct.

Instruction “Winding thread on a bobbin”

Other nodes settings

For a serviceable machine, the combination of the above parameters will allow you to get a high-quality line. If problems remain, need more complex manipulations that can be difficult to make with their own hands and will need to call the masters.

The interaction of the needle and shuttle

When stitches passes appear on the test line, check the quality of the needle, thread, the needle plate and the tension of the threads. If all these nodes are good, the malfunction can hide in the place of the needle and shuttle. For diagnostics it is necessary:

  • Select a straight line, remove the needle plate and clamping leg.
  • Lower the needle, and then lift the needle by 1.8-2 mm. In a good position, the nose of the shuttle at this time should be 1.1-2 mm above the needle’s ears, and the gap between them should be in the range of 0.15-0.25 mm. A greater gap will not allow the formed loop, and the stitch will be missed.

If a problem is detected in the gap between the needle and the shuttle, contact a specialist, especially in the case of a valid guarantee.

Problems with pedal

Cleaning the revolt controller in a foot pedal can significantly affect the convenience of sewing. The car will schedule at high speed at the slightest pressed or “not obey” pedals. Perhaps it will be enough to carry out a simple cleaning of the mechanism, dismissed the device body. But if the internal contacts of the regulator oxidized, and the cleaning did not help, it will be necessary to fully replace the regulator or pedal.

How to fix thread into the brother sewing machine: instructions and recommendations

Japanese company Brother. one of the largest manufacturers of sewing equipment. Firm supplies high-quality household and industrial devices.

The correct refueling of the thread is necessary for the sewing of the product (

Before starting work, you must properly configure the car. To do this, you need to know how to fix thread.

How to fill the thread in the sewing machine Brother

The process of refueling the threads in different models may differ, so it is necessary to explore the instruction manual. There manufacturer specifies the desired settings and rules for working with the device. You can also get acquainted with video tutorials on YouTube.

How to insert the upper thread into the Brother sewing machine:

  • Enable device.
  • Raise the clamping leg.
  • Raise a needle (Lifting button / needle lower).
  • Wear a coil with a thread on the rod, removing the cap (the coil should be placed horizontally, and the thread is unwinding from below and in front).
  • Put on the rod cap.
  • Holding a bobbin with one hand, another stretch the thread and spend under the nitenastor.
  • Skip the thread under the cover of the niteenser from the back to the front.
  • Fill the thread into the car by spending on the template specified by the number on the device.
  • Take a thread in the lever of the pitch-tag to the right left (if the needle is not raised, it will not work out).
  • Holding a thread with your left hand, to spend it for the nitenastor of the needle product and through the needle.
  • Lower the clamping leg.

Important! The position of the coil should be such that the free end of the thread separated from the back, and not in front

  • Raise the needle by scrolling the flywheel (turning towards yourself, turn off the car before it).
  • Open the lid and remove the bobbing cap.
  • Insert the bobbin into the cap and cover the free tip of the thread into the hole on it.
  • Install cap back into the car.
  • Run the needle once (scroll the flywheel on yourself, tightly holding the end of the tile of the upper needle with the left hand and shape the loop).
  • Gently take your finger the thread loop, unlocking it (one end of the thread should leave the needle, the other. from the base of the car).
  • Separately, stretch the ends of both threads and straighten up to be behind the sewing machine (the upper thread should pass between the “legs” of the foot).

note! After refueling the upper and lower thread, it is recommended to check their position again and refer to the instructions

How it is arranged

The main difference of the double needle. the presence of two blades. The principle of their device is identical to ordinary machine. They have:

However, the connection of the flask and the blade occurs not directly, but through a small plastic case. Thanks to this unity, you can sew a double needle on the machine and for one pass to receive two absolutely identical lines.

Like a standard needle, dual ones on the flask there is a small chamfer (Lysk). It is necessary for proper and reliable fixation. When installing the needle, it should always have a chamfer from themselves. Of course, in a modern car, insert the needle is not almost impossible to the needle, such a problem is more characteristic of the aggregates of the previous generation. Consider this aspect when you are going to sew a double needle on the seagull.

Please note that needles designed for Machine models of Dzhanom, the vessel, are not suitable for old chains, Veretasov and Malla. When buying, be sure to check what you plan to sew a double needle for a BROTHER or JANOME typewriter.

For which cars fit

All household products of the modern sample support the “sewing double needle” function. Exceptions are only industrial (straight) aggregates. However, old seagulls, vertaceas, Podolski or Malva coped with this task no worse. The main criterion to which they must correspond. the ability to perform the operation “Zigzag”. To make sure your machine satisfies this condition, just look at the slot in the needle plate. If it has an extended oval shape, you can safely install a double needle.

How to federate

Most machines are equipped with 2 coil rods. They can be located both in a vertical position and horizontal.

In your model there is only one holder? Do not hurry to get upset. Use the winder as the missing element or place 2 coils on one rod. If its length is not enough, rewind on the bobbins. So it will be much more convenient.

To prevent twisting the threads with each other, install the coils so that they are unwound in different direction: one clockwise, another against.

Otherwise, the principle of refueling is no different. For convenience, two threads can be filled simultaneously by making them through:

  • Upper guide;
  • Tensioner;
  • Pitch;
  • Lower tensioner;
  • After that, they can be divided and fed through separate nitential in the ears of needles. If the non-fever is one: skip the first thread through it, and the second by, immediately in the needle.

Otherwise, there is a possibility that they will go away with each other and will constantly break down.

Secret of the perfect line

Looking at the involving side of the seam formed by a double needle, you can see that the bottom thread (from the shuttle) falls in the form of a smooth “zigzag”. Ideally, the upper threads should not penetrate off. If they are visible, and zigzag is not expressive, it is necessary to loosen the tension of the shuttle or increase the tension of the upper thread.

Consider that some models are quite capricious. To prevent problems in their work (skip, open) Install identical coils (identical number, manufacturer, Metrazh). Try to sew on the car double needle only with high-quality threads of famous brands. Cheap Chinese samples with poor dope are suitable only for the designer of the details manually.

Do not use threads of different thickness. “Thin” does not have a clamping force when it will pass through the dish of the nithenettener. Result. loop, loose line.

Do not hurry. High speed is not appropriate when you start sewing a double needle.

When sewing thin tissues, the likelihood of “tightening tubercle” is large. To prevent its appearance, it is recommended to weaken the bottom thread or slightly increase the tension of the upper. There can be no universal council here, it is possible to obtain a high-quality line only experimentally. The lower (in relation to the upper) there will be a lower thread tension, the more expressive will be “zigzag” on the wrong side, and the less he will attract lines to himself.

Features of the type of type 2 needle

Before sewing a double needle knitwear, make sure that the term “Stretch” or “Jersey” is present in the marking. The tip of such needles is slightly rounded, due to which they do not pierce the fabric, disturbing its integrity, but neatly push the fibers.

In working with knitted webs, a double needle is used mainly to simulate a flat seam when niza. This is the right decision if there is no plays woofer or castle. However, it is quite difficult to achieve complete identity. Naughty (sliding, strongly pulling) tissue passing through the clamping rack, can “move” with unequal intensity. As a result of the stitches, different lengths are obtained, and the lines of slurry. Partly this deficiency is leveled due to the correct selection of the needle and tensioning. But if the fabric is very thin, and the distance between the needles must be left to the millimeters of 5. 6, then to achieve the perfect result of this not enough. In this case, the fabric is desirable to put a layer of fine paper, the line will turn out much better. After completing the paper, the paper will need to be carefully cut.

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Such a trick is useful for laying decorative finishing lines on any thin tissues, if there is a threat of tightening.