What tableware is suitable for induction plates
To appear in the house of the induction panel, it is necessary to prepare not only your wallet, but also the kitchen: say goodbye to the old electric or gas tiles, prepare a place to accommodate a new cooking surface and conduct a revision of the dishes. What pots and frying pans will be found in the updated space, and from what will have to refuse?
In contrast to electrical and gas plates, the induction cooking panel does not heat itself, to then pass the heat-standing pot on it. It functions on the principle of electromagnetic induction.
- When the burner is turned on, the coil located under the ceramic housing of the cooking plane forms a magnetic field.
- The vortex current comes from it in the bottom of the tableware.
- Under the action of current bottom heats up.
- The warmth created directly in the dishes is partially transmitted by the burner back.
In this principle, the advantages of the induction surface are based:
- Kitchen utensils heats up very quickly;
- reduced time for cooking;
- less energy is consumed;
- Safety increases, as the main part of the surface remains cold;
- reduced risk of fire;
- careless care is simplified, because the food that fell on the panel does not burn.
In order for the induction plate to heat any item, its bottom should absorb the magnetic field energy. Not all substances and materials are capable of it. Therefore, the utensils used on induction panels are subject to special requirements. What dishes can be used?
Why for induction surfaces need special dishes
In the classic gas table, heating occurs at the expense of fire, which through the bottom of the dishes transmits heat products. In the cooking process, the stove is heated, and the surrounding air. Electric stoves for a long time heated and cooled, highlighting heat into space.
The functioning of the induction surface is based on electromagnetic induction.
- Under the surface of the glass ceramics there is an induction spiral.
- Spiral produces vortex electric.
- Electrotics are moving to the base of special dishes and heat it.
- Heat from the bottom is transmitted to foods inside. Plate while remains cold.
For the induction process, it is necessary that the base is allowed to pass electromagnetic waves and has ferromagnetic properties.
Only the foundation is heated during cooking
Induction cooking panel (stove): pros, cons, ratings, principle of operation, the difference from the electrical panel, the criteria for choosing a panel and suitable dishes, rules of operation and repair with their own hands. in our publication.
What makes dishes ready to induce?
First of all it is the material of kitchen utensils. So that your dishes are ready for an induction plate, it must be made of a material that is magnetic. This means that any utensils that is not magnetic will not work with induction plates. Materials that are magnetic include iron and cast iron, stainless steel, carbon steel.
Another important thing for your dishes to be compatible with induction. This is a flat base. So even if you have a magnetic frying pan, if it is not flat, it will not work with induction hob. This is because only the flat surface of the dishes can provide the conductivity of the magnetic field (this is how the induction plates are heated by dishes).
Comparison of materials
There are several materials that have ferromagnetic properties, so before you go to the store, you can check the houses and frying houses available at home. You can do this using an ordinary magnet, the main thing to check the bottom, from which material the walls are made does not matter.
In the store find out the kitchen utensils that are suitable for induction plates is not difficult, it will be different with a special labeling. The icon is denoted by the zipper or four vertical loops. If you decide to take advantage of the budget option and purchase a product without labeling, then take a magnet to check the bottom properties.
The best option is the stainless kitchenware for induction plates. Most often, the pan and pans for inductive plates are made of stainless steel, it allows you to create different designs. Also in it can be stored food, it retains her useful properties and initial taste. But there are other materials that also deserve attention.
The TRUTH About Induction Cooking
Ceramic tableware for induction slabs does not require complex care, it is easy to clean, and it is convenient to use. It has a pleasant appearance and keeps it for a long time, because it is not exposed to the appearance of scratches. This is an environmentally friendly material that does not affect the taste of food and is suitable for lovers of healthy food. In ceramic dishes can be prepared without adding fats, it does not burn food on it.
Almost our grandmothers used pig-iron frying, but they still have not lost their popularity. The owners of such products are wondering. “Is the cast iron tableware suitable for induction plates?”. You can say with confidence that it comes. Cast iron is well kept warm, so food in such a container will remain warm in such a capacity. It is chemically neutral, which allows you to cook healthy food. Of the minuses you can call heavy weight, as well as the fragility of the material. The walls of the cast-iron pan absorb odors, and it is not desirable to prepare a sour food in it, it negatively affects the surface.
Iron enamel dishes consists of various steel alloys or cast iron. The product is covered with several layers of enamel, which improves its appearance and protects food from the effects of harmful metals. Therefore, one should not doubt whether enameled dishes are suitable for induction plates. But if the enamel layer has cracks, then the product is no longer suitable for use. It is worth paying attention to the bottom, if it is convex, it can affect the work of the panel, it can start noise.
Copper does not have ferromagnetic properties, but manufacturers recently began to use and copper dishes for induction panels. To do this, add to the composition of the copper ferromagnetic alloys. Copper products have aesthetic appearance, easy to maintain and use and have good thermal conductivity.
If the question arises, what kinds are suitable for induction plates, it is worth paying attention to cast iron and stainless steel. Great quality has German dishes for induction plates.
When choosing items for induction slabs, pay attention to the presence of labeling. All manufacturers of these products apply special icons to the bottom so that the buyer can immediately determine the possibility of applying a pan or frying pan on the induction burner. Designation of accessories to the classroom class for use with a similar type of slab is a pictogram in the form of schematic loop, resembling a spiral or heart. The word induction is also applied. “Induction”.
The pictogram in the form of a stylized coil refers to the possibility of using this utensils with an induction slab
How the induction works?
Induction plates operate due to the magnetic field arising from their surface. The vortex currents warm up the bottom of the dishes, and with it and food, so the dishes for induction should have high ferromagnetic properties.
Only metal, which can be magnified by the desired properties.
Therefore, for induction plates are not suitable:
Aluminum without a special magnetic layer at the bottom of the dishes
But these materials are friends with induction:
Aluminum with special coating at the bottom
The easiest way to determine which of the existing dishes is suitable for induction. to attach a magnet to it. If it sticks to the bottom, you can use the dishes.
As for the choice of new dishes, if it is suitable for induction, it will definitely be indicated on the label. Now you can meet dishes from mixed materials: the case can be made of ceramics, aluminum, fire, but the bottom in this case will be made of metal with ferromagnetic properties.
It happens that the dishes from the “correct” material may not fit. The whole thing is that other parameters are important
The thickness of the bottom of the dishes should be from 2 to 6 mm to prevent temperature deformation.
The diameter of the bottom for the standard burner must be at least 12 cm. For small burners (diameter 15 cm) suitable dishes with Ø 8 cm.
The bottom should be absolutely flat without any relief, only then it will fully lie down to the cooking surface and provide the best heat transfer.
How to choose a saucepan for induction plates
About the presence of a magnet in the has repeatedly mentioned. In addition to it, they will help choose the right pot of some additional criteria:
- It is worth remembering that cooking food will prepare the bottom of the dishes, so it should be at least 2 mm in thickness. Thicker. better;
- Pan diameter is very important. Induction panels require the maximum contact of the bottom of the dishes with their cooking surfaces. Even if the pan is designed for 5 liters. let it be low, but wide, and in diameter. at least 12 cm;
- Only bottom dishes need in ferromagnetic abilities. Its walls can be made of anything;
- Strong bottom will allow evenly heated and do not create excess noise;
- Search “Suitable for induction” icon Only on modern saucepans. Home “Old-timers” can be tested only by a magnet.
If the stove does not react to too small bottom of the dishes, you can use special adapters. they are sold separately.
In order to mix the preparing food, it is better not to use steel items. they will be heated.
How to save the surface of the hob
In order to save the primordial appearance of the panel, it is necessary to select a special dishes without flaws. The surface of such a stove is perfectly smooth and smooth. Let it not require specialized care, but do not neglect the careful operation.
In order to preserve the original appearance of the panel, it is necessary to select a special dishes without flaws.
Exclude the use of metal scrapers and brushes so as not to damage the plate. Do not use abrasive substances when cleaning. And of course, avoid serious blows provoking chips on the housing of the induction panel.