Mounting Tile Technology on Wooden Floor
Ceramic tile on the wooden floor is an ideal solution in a very wet room, for example, in such as a bathroom or kitchen. But what to do if the foundation is a wooden floor, and moreover it is not mounted on a reinforced concrete plate? But, as practice shows, it is possible, but then can we put a tile on the GWL or on the OSB Fanoire. And the answer is simple and unequivocally positive, because it is these materials that have high technical indicators.
In technical considerations, laying tiles on the wooden floor is undesirable or inappropriate. The wooden floor is inclined to constant deformations in the process of its service. Each board relative to neighboring can perform small movements, which will lead to cracking of the adhesive layer and damage the very ceramic coating. In this article, we will look at how to properly lay a tile on GVL and Phaneur and at the same time that the coverage is durable and reliable.
A tree like natural natural material, prone to constant expansion and narrowing. over, this happens in all directions. In addition, it is prone to rotting and reneeing, leading to its destruction during operation when a lack of ventilation and constantly wet environments. But even these factors do not embarrass people before desire to lay ceramic tiles on a wooden base. But then on such a floor, in general, nothing waterproof can not be put. But it is not necessary to despair, because the ceramic tile on the phaneer can be laid, just like the reinforced concrete base, if you comply with the technology and properly prepare the surface. Today there are several ways to lay tiles on a wooden floor. But the most common is the laying of tiles on the GBL floor or laying tiles on OSB. Because these two material have excellent strength and elastic parameters. But before laying a tile, you should familiarize yourself with the right surface leveling technology.
Wooden flooring device for tile
OSB Plate Specifications
This is a very important point, it is necessary to understand all the features of the material, such knowledge will help in making an optimal solution. In construction, there is a universal rule. the more materials differ in its physical characteristics, the undesirable to use them together. True, currently there are quite effective impregnation and primers that allow “to fit” various materials, they serve as a kind of reconciling layer.
Oriented chipboard (Russian OSP, English OSB)
Several types of plates are produced, the classification is made taking into account the indicators of strength and moisture resistance.
Important. Do not think that moisture-resistant plates can be operated in direct contact with water, in such conditions they will completely lose their initial dimensions and durability in such a few hours.
Features OSB. Download file (click on the link to open the PDF file in a new window).
What is the difference between ordinary and moisture-proof plates? At air temperature 20 ° C, ordinary can be operated at the relative air power of not more than 65%. Moisture-resistant can be used with air humidity to 85% and only briefly when it increases to 95%. Direct contact with water is strictly prohibited.
In the future, we will give the averaged OSB plates.
- Bending strength ≈ 22 N / mm2. Of course, the value hesitates depending on the thickness, but the test method for EN is taken into account
- Water absorption ≈ 20%. The most moisture resistant absorbs about 12%. There is no such OSB that would not absolutely absorbed and the moisture was not afraid, it should always remember.
Another advantage of OSB-slabs is its multifunctionality
The surface of the plates can be covered with varnishes and paints, but before that it is necessary to use effective primers. They not only increase the coefficient of adhesion between coatings, but also serve as a reliable protection against moisture penetration. Like any wooden structures, the plates with increasing relative humidity increase significantly in the amount and reduce the parameters of physical strength. Both of these phenomena are extremely undesirable for genital coatings.
How to Lay Tile Over Plywood
What is OSB stove
Oriented chipboard (Russian OSP, English OSB) is a relatively new material on our construction market. Constructively OSB consists of several layers of pressed chips, fastened with each other by synthetic resins.
Each layer of chips is oriented in a certain side, and layers are strictly perpendicular to each other. This makes it possible to get those wonderful technical qualities that this material differs from other wood composite materials (fibreboard, wood-chip, plywood and t.D.).
The main advantages of oriented chipboard are:
Another advantage of OSB-slabs is its multifunctionality. Walls and floors made of it are subject to almost any kind of finishing processing. painting, whitewash, plastering and t.D. You can also put the tile or porcelain tile on OSB-plates.
OSB processing before laying outdoor coating
OSB plates before finishing floor finish should be processed. The duration of the work will depend on whether there is a need for additional work on the trim, insulation, enforcement. The preparatory work includes:
After processing the stove will become smooth and smooth, will acquire an attractive appearance.
Ensuring an even transition between parts of the material if laying on OSB carpet, linoleum, vinyl tile (not on glue).
Floor coverings are best taken with a minimum thickness, the gaps after laying are recommended to be processed by sealant.
Ensuring stiffness and immobility of the base of the base before laying on the OSB laminate. Lags are put as closer to each other, the slabs themselves are required to be attached to a sink groove.
Among the necessary tools and materials should be noted:
- Primer, as well as for applying a roller.
- Several spatulas, including ordinary, gear and rubber for grouting.
- Construction level, as well as preferably laser.
- Glue mix and grout, also recommended to purchase sealant.
- Capacity for glue.
If 1 or 3 method is selected, then the lags will be required, plywood, reinforcing mesh and fasteners for it.
Proper sticking tile on OSB sheets
For successful installation, apply to the tile on a specially prepared surface. Prepare the surface in several ways, each of which has its own supporters and opponents.
First method, put on the primed surface. In this method on pre-treated sandpaper, OSB slab surface is superimposed by primer. For better waterproofing and density of the surface, the primer is applied in two layers, with an interval of 1 hour between layers. After which the slabs give to dry, in order to avoid their deformation, and tile sticking starts.
information about the types of primer, the rules of their choice and application can be found in a separate article: primer OSB.
The second way is to stick to the fane or drywall, which are attached to the OSB plate with pre-exhibited lag. Lags are attached to the wall in a step of 40-50 cm, and on top of them with self-draws are attached to plywood or drywall sheets. With the help of the level, the surface is perfectly smooth. Otherwise the tile will not hold on.
The third method. installation of a special reinforced grid, which is attached to OSB plates using special fasteners, or pressed into the glue layer, after which another layer is applied over the grid. Other way: The grid is covered with special waterproofing on a cement basis, after which it gives to dry and soak. To such a surface, the tile is attached much better than to OSB.
There are different opinions on what glue to use to stick the tile on the woodcrew. The main requirement for glue. it must be focused on such a job, be enough elastic, and also adapted to work in rooms with high humidity (bath, kitchen). Do not save on the glue, in the future such savings will be launched even greater costs. The most proven glue brands are considered to be Ceresit CM17, Soudal 24a. Alternatively, liquid nails are used.
In each of the above methods, there are a lot of nuances, non-compliance with which is able to reduce all the efforts to fasten the tile to OSB to zero. Incorrectly selected glue, incorrectly applied primer or aligned base, and tile fall off in a few days. Therefore, we consider in detail the installation of the tile on the pre-primed surface of OSB (walls and gender).
What is OSB or OSP Plate
This type of slab is a higher quality chipboard variation. They use sawdust and chips of coniferous trees. In the production process, the source material is pressed using a special impregnation.
It stands for resin, synthetically wax and boric acid.
The resulting product has a set of advantages:
- Increased strength, which allows you to reduce the sheets of PSAM on the floor;
- simplicity of processing, which is important when creating tile floors;
- latitude of application;
- resistance to moisture;
- relatively low weight;
- Aesthetic qualities.
Is it possible to lay a tile on OSB plate? Since the OSB plate can be used as an outdoor coating, the question arises how to carry out the tile laying on the OSB plate. This is necessary because, despite the ability to resist moisture, gradually the material accumulates water, which leads to its deformation. Therefore, an understanding of the process is required how to lay a tile laying on the OSB plate.
Operation of floors from OSB
The resulting wooden surface gives a wide will for further fantasy on decorative floors. It must be covered with strata of traditional material, which is used for laying on the floors. Facing coating panels applied over OSB, will be protection for wood-chip structure.
You can not arrange a warm floor under OSP plates. High temperature will contribute to the intensive evaporation of preheated formaldehydes, which fasten the fibers. It will make the atmosphere in the premises of toxic. At the same time, the good insulating properties of the tree will prevent heat in the house, which will lead to useless waste of electricity.
How to glue a tile or ceramic tile on the floor of OSB sheets can be found in a separate article: gluing tiles to OSB.
With carefully following the technology of work, the OSB board will serve for a long time, the atmosphere in the house will remain healthy, and its climate is cozy and comfortable.