Safety screen for a bath
Recently, metal furnaces are increasingly used for milling baths. During the extracts, their surface is heated to 400 degrees Celsius, while it emits certain rays capable of provoking the beginning of the fire. That is why it is so important to install the screens between the metal oven and the walls of the walls. For these purposes, non-combustible materials are chosen. What kind? Let’s understand together.
Situations in which the protection of the walls becomes vital
Not always the use of protective screens around the furnace is necessary. In situations, when a safe distance between the described object and the marked surface was provided at the installation stage of the furnace, it is not necessary to build additional protection. And that’s why. The emergence of a fire becomes possible, provided that the IR radiation of the Wooden Oven. If the furnaces are moved to the desired distance from the walls, IR rays still get to them, dissipate.
Determine Safe Distance Easy. For brick and metal furnaces it is different.
- If the masonry of the brick oven is carried out in a quarter of the brick, the safe distance to the walls is what is equal to 32 cm.
- If a metal furnace is installed in the bath, not lounged inside, it should be at least a meter to the walls.
- When a lined metal oven is installed in the bath, a safe distance is reduced to 70 cm.
Possible secure installation options and protective screens are indicated in the photo.
- Figure 1. Shielded Metal Furnace.
- Figure 2. wall made of combustible material (wood).
- Figure 3. Protection made of metal sheet (under it you need to put asbestos-cement cardboard).
- Figure 4. steel galvanized roofing sheet installed to ceiling.
- Digit 5 - steel sheet whose thickness is at least 1 mm.
- Figure 6. brickwork, the thickness of which is 55 mm (in a quarter of a brick) or 120 mm (in Pollipich).
Installation options for protective screens
What is protective screens in the bath? These are shields that allow isolate the surfaces of the walls that are installed. There are two varieties of protective screens: metal and brick.
Metal protective screens
The easiest way to install on the walls in the bath steel or cast iron sheets made at the factory. You can find side screens or frontal sheets. They are installed around the heating object at a distance of 5 cm from the walls of its fuel. The photo shows how the protective screen of metal looks like. Install the finished screen is quite simple, it has metal legs, they are attached to the floor with ordinary bolts.
note! You can find ready-made metal furnaces, which involves the presence of protective casing. It helps to reduce the temperature of the walls of the furnace to 80 degrees. And this means, a fireproof distance to a wooden wall sheat can be reduced to 50 cm.
Brick protective screens
The brick screen on the design of it is similar to the fireplace, it closes the side surfaces, and the back of the metal furnace. A similar brick casing is harvested exclusively from chamotte brick, a clay mixture is used as a binder solution. Gathering casing with masonry in Pollipich. Experts assure that the norms allow the brick screen assembly in a quarter of the brick, but in this case its thermal insulation properties will be reduced exactly half. The following photo presents options for installing brick screens for a metal furnace.
note! At the bottom between the screen and the screen wall, the air convection holes are left. The height of the brick casing should be 20 cm to exceed the height of the metal stove. Allowed masonry to bring to ceiling. Sometimes the use of such a reception becomes justified from a designer point of view.
Install the brick screen on the french the furnace can not. Between them should remain the distance from five to fifteen centimeters. The photo published above is visible to build a similar screen assembly.
Layer between the wall and metal screen
Any metal has the property of accumulating heat, it will absorb it, even being at a safe distance. Therefore, it is expedient between a wooden wall and a metal screen (if it is hanging right on the wall) Install non-combustible trim. These are thermal insulation materials, such as basalt wool, basalt cardboard, asbestos cardboard, minerit.
If it is necessary to create such protection, multilayer pie is formed (the device diagram is shown in the following photo):
The use of such protection options can significantly subjected to the overall design of the bathroom room design. Therefore, many are trying to find an alternative to the described Sandwich. And she is. Zharo-reflecting protection can be built using heat-resistant tiles, which is attached to the surface of the walls of the bath with heat-resistant glue. The main decorative material is most often used:
If such a material is fixed directly on the wall, it will still be very hot, therefore, in the case of cladding walls, decorative tiles also need to build a sandwich (wall. Faning Clearance-Fireproof Material. Facing Tile). The distance from the wall, protected in this way, to the furnace can be equal to 15 cm. The following photo presents the installation scheme of cladding.
Multiple materials are used as a refractory element in a sandwiche. It may be plasterboard, GKLO brand. In its structure there is fiberglass, so the material is perfectly holding heat. Next Material. Minritis. Cement-Fiber Plate. It does not burn, does not absorb moisture, does not rot in a wet environment, it does not decompose under the action of temperature drops. Another option. the use of plates made on the basis of fiberglass and magnesia binder. Such a stove have good heat and sound insulation properties. She is also not afraid of sharp drops of temperatures.
It is worth understanding that far from all situations the protective screen is generally required. For example, for brick furnaces with initially protected furnace, the fence is not required. If the screen needs to be installed, then red ceramic materials are selected for it., capable of withstanding serious temperature differences and moisture impact.
The screen for a bath furnace with her own hands is an important bath design that can prevent casual burns and balance the work of the furnace. Realizing one of the proposed schemes, you can achieve a combination of protection efficiency, good functionality of the stove and good visual qualities of the entire system.
The heat-resistant screens for bath furnaces began to use relatively recently, since today the furnace is a separate device that is not part of the bath. In the past, the ovens were laid out of the stone, so the additional fence for the furnace in the steam room was not required.
Today, they often create a brick screen for a metal furnace in the bath, as the metal perfectly conducts thermal energy, so it can be late to very high temperatures. Any touch to the metal housing causes serious burns that do not heal through long weeks. So the protective screen for the furnace in a stainless steel bath makes rest safe.
How to make a solution for masonry
For masonry bricks, the clay solution is used well proven to be the following solutions preparation technologies:
- Clay. A potter mixture is used, acquiring strength and tightness after the primary firebox of the hearth.
- Glynyano-Chamotnoe. The composition is mixed from a mixture of chammed clay and river sand in a 1: 3 ratio. Different with strength and heat resistance.
- Lime. A truncated substance is used, in which adhesive for stoneware is added for strength.
- Lime-cement. Stone dust complements the viscosity of clay, and the addition of sand allows you to adjust the plasticity of the solution.
Each material has its pros and cons, properties are checked during operation.
Advantages of a brick screen
Brick screens for bath furnaces of preferably others for the following reasons:
- Brick is a full-fledged protection against IR radiation;
- Brick finish is characterized by heat resistance. wooden walls shielded by brick partitions are reliably protected from fire and charring;
- Brickwork is characterized by heat capacity and high heat transfer; Brick accumulates heat, after which he long and evenly gives him to the surrounding space;
- Brick protection can be made independently. for this, in many cases, high qualifications are not needed;
- The method does not require large financial investments. the laying is available to any;
- Brick can play the role of a decorative element; The design of protection can be diverse, so the art component of the screen can be adjusted under the bath interior and personal tastes.
Choose a place to install
The stove should be placed in such a way as not to interfere with moving along the steam room, without risk, accidentally burn. It is necessary to leave the free space for firewood if the fifthly is not outlined outside the room. Usually the furnace put in the angle.
To hot couples from the water, splashing on the heater, did not drag rest in the bath, pay attention to the distance from the stove to the regiments. How much space leave from the stove to the wall depends on the recommendations of the manufacturer, while consider that a fire-burning “apron” will be mounted on the wall.E
distance must be treated from it.
The wood stove has a significant drawback. it burns out oxygen from the air, so placing it with a standard, the fifthly inside, will have to take care of ventilation. The vent hole is done in the floor so that he did not leave the steam from the steam.
There is another solution to the problem. In the outer wall or in the partition leading to the pre-banner, you can equip the portal so that access to the fuel is outside. For a small wage, this option will be especially advantageous, because you do not have to leave a place under firewood, and also the heater will come to the wall. Of course, for such a solution, you should choose the stove of a suitable configuration. rectangular, with a protruding fuel.
In what cases does not need the screen
The screen for your oven is not needed if it has its own trim. These are brick furnaces, which are a heat protection furnace. Apply for brick screens only red ceramic material or something else, but with similar properties.
“You Took A Brick In My Bathroom” | Get On Up | Screen Bites
It is determined by the fact that they are able to withstand large temperatures and wear moisture well. Some for these purposes apply special stones with low thermal conductivity.
You may be interested in reading articles on how to independently fade the furnace with ceramic tiles, as well as.
Screens with a metal surface, naturally, periodically need care, because over time raids and spots will appear on them. To this end, they can be wiped with lemon juice or special detergents that can be easily purchased in the store.
In any case, the choice will be yours, friends. Everyone decides depending on their preferences, the potentials of financial and physical.
I wish you good luck and light steam for a bath, as well as safety and warmth in your home!
Well, how did you like the article? If so, be sure to share it on social networks and subscribe to blog updates. Bye Bye!
Sincerely, author of Blog Maxim Aleinikov.
Where in the bath put the stove?
The location of the furnace depends on many factors, in particular, on its type, as well as on the location of the furnace (in the same or in the adjacent room). In addition, the fire safety has the meaning. until all the fuel should be at least half a meter.
So, those who decided to put a brick stove are the foundation for it, so the place has been determined already at the stage of the sketch. But with a metal stove, there are, pull until the last, not knowing what model to buy. Therefore, it happens that the walls are already ready to cut, and other excessive work to do.
IMPORTANT! The location of the furnace depends on the location of the supply ventilation, so thinking better after all.
In addition to ventilation, it is worth thinking about fire safety, especially in a bath with combustible walls. Often, with a view to its secure part of the wall made of bricks. That says again about the need for planning.
The location of the furnace in the bath with a separate pair
- Or the furnace together with the furnace is entirely in the steam room, which means heels only it;
- either the firebox is carried out in the nearby room, which allows partially heated and it too.
Arrangement of the furnace in a bath with a separate pairing: an option with a leisure room. Scheme from an article about extractor
In the first case, in the cold season, you will have to think about how and what to heat the neighboring premises, in the second. the same problem remains only partially.
Furnace in a bath with a washing and steam
Here you can also find several solution options. The furnace can not be taken into a rest room or a pre-banker, but in the washing. But it is problematic in terms of storage of firewood. Therefore, there are other options.
You can generally remove the furnace, only install the water tank at the top, which will connect through the wall with the “samovar” on the chimney pipe in the pair. “Samovar” is a heat exchanger (!The furnaces with the heat exchanger are considered here), which can be found on sale, with its help the water is heated for the washing, and from the tank there is warm, sufficient to maintain normal temperatures at 30-32 degrees in the washing.
In some cases, the problem is solved additional sources of heat. a warm floor or a second oven.
Does it always need a foundation for the oven?
Above we have already said that no, it is not always needed. The need for it occurs only when the weight of the stove for the bath with all the accompanying (from the tank with water to all bricks, which are laid out the floor, stove and chimney) exceeds 700 kg. If the total weight is below, it is possible to simply lay out the base of the bricks, on top of putting asbestos 12 mm, and on it. a steel sheet of any thickness (from 1 mm). Detail the topic is considered here.
IMPORTANT! A separate foundation for a brick furnace is made so that he has his own shrinkage not related to the shrinkage house.
Such a foundation is made thoroughly, plunged to the carrier layer. If the stove weighs more than 700 kg, but slightly, then you can make a small-brewed foundation.
Typically, the foundation for the furnace is not adjusted to the height of the draft floor, because then the bricks are put, and height is compared. The area of the furnace foundation should be greater than the area of the base of the stove by 15-20 cm on each side.
The roller below shows the process of independent fill of the foundation under the bath. The video is dark, but the idea of the process gives.
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How to put a metal furnace brick on the example of the Sugara-16 furnace
A couple of years ago, I built a small Russian bathhouse on my site. As a heating element, installed the simplest. iron furnace (I have Sahara 16). The stove warms it almost instantly, so it is possible to bathe after half an hour. Only warming this uneven: then a slightly warm air goes from the stove, then the burning-split. And I want comfort and soft, deep heat. By the way, with a wet ferry and heating stones, too, tens! The stove has already fused, and the stones. no. Accordingly, when we pour water on the stones, there is no special steam, you have to wait for the heating of the stones and sometimes for a long time. Yes, you need to change something. Having read the information and making their own conclusions, I decided to set out my “sugar” brick. According to the connoisseurs of a bath case, it should have solved all my problems. And I did it! I’ll try to tell everyone to be understood.
Choosing brick and masonry solution
For plating a metal stove, it is not an ordinary building brick, but a full-time refractory (chimney). I just bought a red, without any problems, although there were interesting specimens on the market with a textured surface. they are more expensive, for decorative purposes just right. In general, I decided not to move away from the intended estimate and did not express the construction. I took the usual flat brick (although now sometimes I regret!).
For a solution of masonry, I applied a cement solution with the addition of a small amount of chamotte clay (some wizards are used for this clay solution, mixed on clay and sand or mixed cement mortise with glue for porcelain stoneware. can use such options for binding compositions).
Laying brick series
Brick rows I put in a pollipich in a chess order. this is enough for normal heat exchange. In principle, with a shortage of bricks, you can try to lay out the brick on the edge, but then the protective screen will be thinner and, accordingly, all its positive properties will be reduced. In general, if you want to do everything around the mind, then post the screen in the Pollipich. Do not save.
In the process of work, the furnace from the solution seems dirty, but nothing. it is easy to fix it!
It is important to observe the correct distance between the brick masonry and the furnace metal screen. In various information sources, it is recommended to leave a gap from 1 to 10 cm. There is a meaning of this: a too small distance (up to 1 cm) can lead to excessive infancy of metal screens of the furnace and, accordingly, to a decrease in its “life”, and with a large distance bricks will warm too long. I left a gap of 5 cm. and did not regret it!
When you lay bricks, it is desirable each of them to overcast in water to enhance the clutch of the solution with a brick surface. Suts immediately pushe the same solution.
In the photos, it can be seen that the laying is not solid, but with ventilation holes so that the air normally circulates between brick masonry and metal stove. To do this, in places of future “winds” brick is not as usual as usual, but end forward. So it turns out two improvised holes in each “window”. On each side of my stove, two such “window” was made (4 holes. in the photo it is clearly visible). from below.
Through each row, I laid on bricks sliced along the reinforcement grid. for strength. This is done for reinsurance, therefore, in principle, use the mesh optionally.
Through each row on the surface of the brick stacked a thin reinforcement grid
Cleaning masonry from solution
After laying all bricks, the laying dries around the day, so after day I began to clean my new stove from the spots of the solution. In fact, it is not so difficult, as it seems at first glance, especially if you have a drill with a brush nozzle. I used it for cleansing it and half an hour brickwork was cleaned. The brush leaves dark spots on bricks, so to remove them and it is desirable to wash the stove with a rigid loose brush dipped in soapy water. After that, the stove shines the pristine purity. that’s how I have in the photo!
After removal of the solution from the surface of the bricks, the furnace acquires its final species
Advantages of brick “casing”
Now, after the new oven has already been tested in action, I want to say that I didn’t make a brick “casing” before. What are the advantages of this decision? And let’s consider:
- The heat from the furnace is uniform, because at first brick accumulates heat, and then emits it. The burning heat disappeared, so at any point of the steam, only pleasant (sometimes strong, but still a pleasant!) warmly.
- Stones warm up faster and more efficiently, so wet steam in sufficient quantities is provided.
- The heat accumulated by bricks is preserved longer, therefore, the prototure is a good bath, I can bathe there for several hours in a row, while not worrying about the need to increase the temperature.
- The stove becomes more secure. The iron hotbed. a rather unpleasant thing, if it accidentally touch it, therefore the brick layer acts as a protective flap from excess heat and random injury.
The only thing to heat the iron furnace in the brick frame was longer. However, to be honest, it is not particularly noticeable. During the firebox you can always do your affairs and then time flies unnoticed. And when the Balke is Natoplen, you can completely relax. you do not need to do anything else, it will be great for the rest of the bath procedures.