The type of shuttle in the sewing machine is what better: types of shuttles in a sewing machine, their characteristics.

Sewing shuttle. one of the integral machinery controls with a two-dimensional line. Among modern models there are three main types: vertical double entrance, horizontal and pendulous. Strictly speaking, the type of shuttle is not the only criterion for selecting a new device, but it is one of the indicators that determine the area of ​​use of the machine, its capabilities, the potential. We will analyze the features of each type of shuttle and find out which one is better coping with its duties in the sewing machine.

The word “shuttle” happened from the word Chelny. a small boat. In the sewing machines, the work detail is so called, which makes movements back to its axis, when sewing fabrics. Fans of sewing crafts consider this item with a heart of the machine. The final result of the sewing or repair of the product depends on its operation.

In the modern production of sewing machines, 3 main types of mechanisms are used:

In an industrial sewing case, the most convenient rotational type. For lovers optimal is a pendulum option.

Model of shuttle depends on the class of sewing machine. The type is selected constructively when creating a type of machine and depends on the functional.

It is impossible to choose a separate sewing machine and decide which shuttle mechanism in it. It is also impossible to set the horizontal option on the model with a vertical location and vice versa. When choosing a sewing unit, the type of shuttle in the sewing machine is also selected, which is better to prefer depends on the required load on the machine.

Stages of improving the shuttle mechanism of sewing machines

Swing horizontal (shine-bobbin).Babushkin ( used in old singer type machines. Rotating horizontal (bobbin plays from above, no bobbing cap).

Types of devices of shuttle mechanisms of modern sewing.

The most common type of sewing shuttle is swinging shuttle. This type of shuttle is installed in the sewing machine seagull. Modern Type of Shuttle. Horizontal Sewing Shuttle.

Set up the tension of the needle and shuttle threads of modern.

If the axis of the shuttle and the axis of the bobbin coincide, then such a shuttle is called the central-bunk. In non-central-bunk shutouts (see. Figure 2) The axis of the bobbin is shifted relative to the shuttle axis towards its rotation or working stroke.

Constructive analysis of the mechanism of shuttle modern.

This article provides materials to determine the basic parameters of the shuttle mechanism, the role of the shuttle mechanism in ensuring the durability and quality of sewing machines. Keywords: sewing machine, shuttle mechanisms, shuttle, shuttle.

Directions of modernization of sewing shuttle mechanisms.

Shuttle and shuttle mechanism are the most important parts of the sewing machine.

1) replacement of rotary shuttle with rotating longitudinal; 2) Obtaining a shuttle stitch from one thread.

Methods for the formation of a shuttle stitch in modern.

Shuttle, shuttle mechanism, breathtaking, expanding and driving around a loop-science, educated by a needle, carrying out

Basic terms (generated automatically): sewing machine, shuttle stitch, shuttle machine, shuttle, workforce.

Analysis of the sewing machine needle mechanism during process.

In modern sewing machines, use a rotating shuttle, as it provides high speed of rotation. The axis of rotation of the shuttle is located in a horizontal or vertical plane.

Device and analysis of the sewing machine needle mechanism.

Clamps are used in sewing machines that make up mostly two-dimensional (sometimes single-sided, three-dimensional) shuttle weaves, and loovers. single, two-, three-dimensional and more complex chain intertwines.

The dependence of the type of weave threads in the shuttle stitch from.

In the sewing machine with a swing shuttle branch of the loop of the upper thread

Such a shuttle is more suitable for embroidery, it should be applied in domestic machines.

Two important characteristics

When choosing a sewing machine, you must first pay attention to two technical indicators: management type and shuttle type.

Management type

Sewing machines are electron (1) (computer) and electromechanical (2) control type. Electromechanicals have a plus simplicity of the mechanism, reliability and a small price. For home sewing they have enough opportunities.

Computer devices are easier in control, multifunctional and more electromechanical. They can be determined by display on the case.

Type of shuttle

The shuttle can be vertical (1) or horizontal (2), which, in turn, is swinging or rotary. You need to know the advantages of each.

We make the right choice

It should be taken into account that the machine is equipped with a shunt, despite the important role of this device depends on its category. Conditionally, you can withdraw a simple algorithm:

  • Household Economy Class Machines. Vertical Pendula;
  • middle class household machines, whose functional is wider than budget modifications. horizontal shuttle;
  • Industrial Machines or Dear Professional Models for Intensive Work. Rotary Type.

Here, rather, the question of choosing exactly the type of sewing machine, and the version of the shuttle assembly is only a consequence. This does not mean that this mechanism should not be paid attention to this mechanism, because the algorithm described above is not a tough requirement, some manufacturers can move from it. Among the described types of shuttle for a sewing machine, you can choose a suitable solution based on your own specialization.

  • Users without experience in the sewing business are suitable for simple sewing machines with a pendulum shuttle. In such models, a modest option and reliable, hardy shuttle mechanism. The same option will be a good solution if you are looking for a sewing machine for rare use “On the occasion”.
  • If you need a machine to create a small amount of products from tissues of different density, and the sewing speed is not prioritized. you should buy a model with a horizontal shuttle. Modifications of sewing machines with such mechanis have a good functionality, and their price threshold starts from about 8,000.
  • Professionals or employees of small atelier always make a choice in favor of a wide range of lines, high quality and comfortable work. Machines with such characteristics most often equipped with a rotating vertical shuttle.

Which shuttle for sewing machine is better to choose?

From this article you will learn the whole truth about the vertical and horizontal shuttle mechanism in the sewing machine. To begin with, it is necessary to divide the concepts of a shuttle and a shuttle mechanism, since the latter in its design combines the shuttle itself, the carriage, the pusher of the shuttle, the locking ring and the bobbin cap.

The shuttle is also called the shuttle mesh or chief. it is a detail of a shuttle mechanism that is responsible for picking up the loop of the upper thread and intertwine from the bottom, forming a stitch. Further, we will talk about shutouts and shuttle mechanisms that are most often found on modern household sewing machines.

The first option and today is the most popular, as it is presented more in the electromechanical sewing machines of the budget class. the vertical swinging shuttle mechanism, also call it a pendulum or classical. This is a shuttle who love to pick up the short-circuited mechanics of sewing machines with endless experience and knowledge of the Master of Sewing!

I already imagine how sticks and stones will fly into me, if I say that it is not so. But it would not be reasonable to argue with them, because the vertical shuttle mechanism is more convenient in the setting, the parts such as a bobbin cap, the locking ring, the carriage and the grid of the shuttle are identical and independently of the model and the manufacturer in 90% of cases are suitable for each other. Therefore, the question in the case of repairs is solved right there, since the mechanic has already in his and went to him for free or for a penny. Another thing to think about the tailor, which will be forced every week to lubricate such a shuttle, after which it is possible to remove the excess oil to not blur. Spend more time to refuel the bottom thread and ultimately have a machine with a width of a line just up to 5 mm. I have nothing against the vertical shuttle and I consider it a quite worthy option, but we’ll talk about the advantages and minuses a little later.

The second option is a rotary horizontal shuttle mechanism, more often occurs in high-level electromechanical sewing machines and in almost all embroidery and sewing models of computer class. Such a mechanism is convenient in refueling the lower thread, due to rotation rotation of 360 degrees, it practically does not have vibration and allows you to work with higher speeds than a vertical shuttle.

But there are exceptions when the horizontal shuttle should be cheaper to the disgrace and install them in low-efficiency sewing machines of the budget class, here such a combination I definitely do not recommend buying. Since the redundant horizontal shuttle can often be found in plastic execution, and here it is impossible to confuse a shuttle and a bobbing liner, since the latter is always in plastic execution, but it does not carry loads, but only holds the bobbin and protects the mechanism from rapid pollution with textile garbage. In this case, the latter width parameters will remain the same as in the vertical. Due to the fact that budget cars are rarely produced with powerful engines, you will not get more speed and do not increase the sewing performance. This is not speaking about the service life of the low-cost shuttle.

What can I say, the cost of a sewing machine with a high-quality shuttle horizontal location starts from 200-250, so if your budget is less than this amount, my recommendation to choose a vertical if the budget allows, of course more advantage of the horizonts.

The third option is a rotary vertical shuttle mechanism, it is also called the vertical shuttle of the double opening, it can be found extremely rare in the household models of the premium segment, which is less than 0.1% of the market of all sewing machines intended for home use. Yes. such a shuttle is reliable, yes. provides good quality lines, but has its own cons. It can be said that his closest relative is just a horizontal rotary shuttle, where the principle of operation is almost identical, only the horizontal shuttle gives a number of ways to operate for a domestic user. Since this is a rather narrow niche of cars, I propose to exclude it from this review, so as not to confuse the main consumer with unnecessary information.

Possible malfunctions and their elimination

Sewing machine is a combination of mechanical nodes that can break. Some violations are easily eliminated independently, other breakdowns can be fixed only in the service center.


Problems in the work with which you can cope:

  • The appearance of stitches in the stitch. you need to check the height of the needle installation or adjust the looping agent;. adjustment and adjustment of the shuttle mechanism and tension plate;
  • The appearance of noise, the absence of a line. the shuttle failed, a mechanical breakdown is possible;
  • uneven seam indicates the difference in the degree of tension of the upper and lower fiber;
  • Wreathing of the upper thread. incorrect disposal location.

In order for the machine to serve a long time and properly, you should follow the following requirements:

shuttle, sewing, machine, better
  • At least once every 6 months lubricate parts and equipment nodes.
  • After turning off the unit, clean from the remnants of the material and other pollution.
  • Before starting work, check the lubricant level
  • Use high-quality lubricants.
  • At the end of work under the needle with a paw put a small piece of dense matter.
  • Store sewing machine only in packaging (box or case).

Advice. It is not recommended to apply force when working on sewing equipment. Do not sew with a raised foot, pull the cloth while working. All this can adversely affect the performance of sewing equipment.

Tailoring. a fascinating occupation, allowing you to create textile products with your own hands, to show and implement designer solutions. Sewing machine will definitely be an indispensable assistant at home.

Pendulum type

These are the simplest mechanisms that have been applied in budgetary samples of machines. They are made of metal, withstand the loads that are possible with non-professional use. It was received from the movement on the principle of pendulum. Working on a typewriter with such a type of work mechanism, a beginner seamstress or a lover of sewing for a family, will quite calmly perform all the necessary operations. Such models have a limited list of executable options, but this is quite enough to use on the household level.

Pendulum Clamps are patriarchs in their environment. They were installed on cars in the twentieth century, they are in demand in modern models of branded machines intended for rare use. They are easy to care, but require constant lubrication. Such models are installed on sewing machines with an electromechanical control type.

In the event of a sewing machine breakdowns with a pendulum model, will not be much difficulty finding wizards for repair and adjustment.

  • Limited number of operations they can perform.
  • Need for permanent lubrication.
  • High noise when working.
  • Low quality line.
  • Small working speed.
  • Limited length and stitches width.
  • Big vibration.

All shuttles, regardless of type, must be properly configured. Even the most modern samples that perform hundreds of operations will not cope with the functionality without professional configuration.

To determine which shine is better in a professional sewing machine, it is worth understanding the subtleties of horizontal and vertical devices.

Stages of improving the shuttle mechanism of sewing machines

Nutfullaeva, Sh. N. Stages of improving the shuttle mechanism of sewing machine / w. N. Nutfullaeva, L. N. Nutfullaeva, O. R. Khojaeva, D. M. Bakhronova Text: Immediate // Young Scientist 2016 0 (114) WITH. 285-288 URL: https: // Moluch.RU / Archive / 114/29981 / (Date of handling: 18.04.2022).

The article outlines the stages of the development of sewing machines. A variety of types of shuttle mechanism of sewing machines of the firm “Zinger” and other firms are given. Recommendations on the choice of sewing machines, taking into account the types and principle of the work of the shuttle mechanism.

Today, the sewing machine will not surprise anyone, but one and a half years ago, this device literally turned the life of a huge number of people engaged in the sewing sewing, shoes, haberdashea: “Sewing machine facilitates, improves and speeds up sewing ten times. How many people she got rid of blindness, from consumed how much time saved for other works. Anyone who will enjoy a sewing machine will not cease to celebrate the inventor and thank his work “[1].

Sewing machine. serves to connect the parts of products with a threaded seam, to perform decorative lines, embroidery, damping the edge of the material and T. D. The first sewing machine was created in the UK in 1755.

The inventor of the sewing machine of the shuttle stitch consider American Ellia. Created by him in 1845. The car had a number of disadvantages, but, nevertheless, it was more suitable for sewing than cars of previous inventors. Materials in it were installed vertically, they gave a transporting lever on her studs and moved in the forward direction. The curved needle moved in a horizontal plane, and a shuttle, similar to a loot of a loom, was reciprocating. The car has received practical application, but its appearance caused confusion among the tailors. Subsequent inventors sewing machine was improved.

In the United States in the late 60s. early 70s, Viller and Wilson have developed a sewing machine of a shuttle stitch. In this machine, a rotating shuttle is applied, and the needle has a special bend, because the needle product moves up and down the arc. The author of most of its original nodes A. B. Wilson, co-owner of the company “Wheelerwilson”, patented them in the first half of the 1850s. They were produced in the USA, and under license. in Germany.

The Systemsinger Machines with an open-type shuttle, moving returnable, were produced in many countries of the world, but they were most popular, starting from the 1860s, they used in Germany, where they were produced by Seidelnaumann, Adler, “PFAFF”, “Durkoppk °”, “FristerroSSmann” and others.

Sewing machines burned, often passed from generation to generation, as the most valuable thing in the house, assistant, cormilitz, a faithful friend to the “Black Day”. [2].

Shuttle stitch machines are the most common type of sewing machines not only in industry and in small enterprises, but also in everyday life. We will analyze several major modern types of shuttles. horizontal, rotary, swinging, vertical and one forgotten. “Shuttle-bullet” (3)

Swing horizontal (shine-bobbin).Babushkin ( used in old singer type machines. Rotating horizontal (bobbin placed on top, no bobbing cap). present on the machines of all modern sewing firms.

Initially, a shuttle was used in the sewing machines, the design of a similar shuttle of a weaving shuttle. In such a mechanism, the bobbin was sufficiently long and thin, and invested in a shuttle or from the top end (the so-called shoon-“boat”), or from the rear (Shule, “bullet”). One of the ends of the shuttle was pointed, and his surface was smooth, without protrusions, for which the thread could be hooked. Chelock was placed in a special holder in which he was clamped so that he could not slip out, and at the same time the thread could freely slide through its entire surface. When the needle rose from the lower position, such a shuttle was made to the sharp end between the needle and thread. Coming from the shuttle, the upper thread wrapped the bottom and with the further rise of the needle was delayed. By the end of the XX century, such a mechanism was separated from use.

The presence of horizontal shuttle in the household sewing machine guarantees the convenience of using a sewing machine, t. to. Extra manipulations for installing bobbins in a bunk cap, then installing a bobbing cap in a shuttle socket. In sewing machines with a horizontal shuttle, there is simply no bobbing cap (rice.2.) Bread, with thread wounded, insert the horizontal shuttle sewing machine directly into the horizontal shuttle. Ease of use of horizontal shuttle Obvious: Sewing machine can sew quick and quiet. When using transparent threads, you can always evaluate the residue of the thread on the bobbin, before starting to sew. Sewing machine with a horizontal shuttle does not miss the stitches, does not confuse the threads, does not loop, gives a wide zigzag line and sews high quality, without any problems.

Adjusting the tension of the thread in the horizontal shuttle is not fundamentally different from adjustment in the bunk caps of other shutouts. The side of the horizontal shuttle is the adjusting screw, which can be twisted, but it is not recommended to do it too often. The adjustment of the tension of the lower thread in the horizontal shuttle is made directly on the shuttle itself, and in the shutouts of other types (swinging, vertical rotary), the tension of the lower thread changes only on a bobbing cap.

The minus horizontal shuttle is that it is made of plastic and is not intended for sewing thick rough threads. Rough thread in a gentle plastic housing of the horizontal shuttle can twist a deep ditch (furrow), after which instead of the old horizontal shuttle will have to buy a new horizontal shuttle. Horizontal shuttle is also easy to damage, or break the sewing needle if when sewing is pulling for the fabric. The needle can deviate after the cloth and hit the plastic housing of the horizontal shuttle, respectively split it. The horizontal shuttle device in the sewing machine is driven by a toothed drive belt. It makes sewing comfortable and silent. However, this whole design is sufficiently tender and does not like rough circulation. Details in such sewing machines are also made of plastic.