Transportation of the refrigerator lying on the side: is it possible? And how to correct?
Repair the refrigerator is necessary in compliance with the rules, since the incorrect position of the unit during transportation is potentially able to cause damage to refrigeration equipment. In order not to damage expensive household equipment, it is necessary to first familiarize themselves with the rules for the organization of transportation. About how it is right and how unacceptably transport refrigeration cabinets, then in the material.
Refrigerators of different manufacturers, regardless. LG or Atlant, operate according to a similar principle, their cooling system is a closed circuit, which is represented by a large number of tubes and nozzles. Conditionally, any household refrigerator consists of two nodes. the evaporator, which is located inside the equipment, and the condenser fixed on the back outer wall. In most cases, these components are made in the form of a coil, which makes it possible to ensure the most efficient heat transfer.
Attention! To prevent damage to the key nodes of the household refrigerator during transport, it is required to determine where these significant components are located in a specific unit.
The cooling circuit of the equipment is filled with a refrigerant (in the overwhelming part of cases. gas freon), which is constantly circulating on the nozzles and tubes, cyclically changing its own aggregate state. from liquid into gaseous and back. Each of the cooling cycles passes according to the identical scheme:
- The refrigerant in a gaseous form leaves the evaporator and is fed to the refrigerator compressor.
- Freon under the action of high pressure is sent by the compressor to the condenser.
- During the condensation process, the refrigerant goes into a liquid aggregate state and cooled, while the heat is given to the surrounding air.
- Liquid Freon, passing through the drain filter, goes towards the evaporator and enters it by means of a capillary narrowed tube.
- Pressure rendered to freon decreases, which leads to gas boiling.
- Turning into a gaseous aggregate state, the refrigerant absorbs heat from the surrounding space inside the freezer and the refrigeration compartment and evenly lowers the temperature indicators within them.
After the completion of this cycle, the refrigerant pair again pumped out and the process is repeated. The main functional role in this process is given to the compressor. This node provides the following processes:
- Pumps Freon;
- Supports the required pressure indicators in the system;
- guarantees uninterrupted heat transfer from the inside outward.
The silentness of the operation of the motor is a consequence of its position. The engine is suspended on the frame and beweded into the oil.
Reference! The compressor is placed in a metal casing and is located behind the unit, between the evaporator and the condenser. In modern models, this node is actually impaired, since the manufacturer hides it behind the wall of the unit.
Any damage to the cooling circuit, the separation or displacement of the compressor relative to the suspension, lead to serious breakdowns of the refrigerator, which subsequently needs expensive and complex repair. To bring disorders to the cooling circuit of the household refrigerator is the easiest way during the transportation, so the transport process is required to approach.
Features of the horizontal transportation of the refrigerator (on the side)
Now we will consider other cases when you need to transport anything used to the device. You can do this as follows:
- Call specialists who will be able to pack, fix and deliver equipment for all the rules;
- independently pack the refrigerator and call the shiplows;
Most people have no opportunity to immerse the technique in Gazelle with high sides and locks for vertical transportation. such a car must be ordered. At the same time, manufacturers categorically prohibit the transportation of the device on the side, but still it is possible when complying with some nuances.
The main reason for the breakdown is that inexperienced users cannot correctly define the side on which horizontal transportation is allowed. Some people and are at all the opinions that there is no difference between the parties.
The design of outdated models provides for the presence of free space at the bottom where the compressor is installed. There it is mixed due to machine oil. The malfunction happens because the refrigeration agent gets through the tube.
In modern refrigerators, with an external inspection it is impossible to notice the box under the compressor, but still he is behind the panel. However, this does not violate the basic principle of its device. On some models, the compressor is kept using special springs that must mitigate the blows, but with improper transportation they also fail.
The “weak” place of the device is its entire back side along with the cooling grille, because it is also damaged, like thermal insulation under the mass of the entire design. Sometimes the integrity of the system tubes can be disturbed.
Do not lay the refrigerator and on the door. If in the old models from such an error, the repellent handle protects, now it is often absent. The ban is associated with the fact that the design of the door suffers during transportation, and can also be mixed with oil and refrigerant.
It turns out that the refrigerator is allowed only for one side (as shown in the photo). then the oil does not count in the tube, so the risks of breakage are minimized.
It is necessary to prevent the machine oil in advance to the injection pipe. when transporting it should be on top. If you are going to carry equipment, in 24 hours it is necessary to determine the location of the discharge pipe while the device works.
When the refrigerator power is turned off, it is necessary to wait about 20 minutes to detect the temperature difference between the lattices. If the device works properly, then the pipe of injection will be hot. It is worth noting, most models have this pipe located on the same side where the door is attached.
Proper position during transportation
The most correct way of transportation is to put a fridge vertically on the legs: in the same position in which it is located, standing in your kitchen. So, with reliable fixation, you definitely damage anything and bring it in the integrity of a new place. But this method of carriage has a significant drawback. special transport needs, and even if it is presented, it is not a fact that a modern refrigerator will fit into the indoor body, because the height of some of them exceeds 2 meters. So we came to the main issue.
Yes, you can carry the refrigerator in this way, but you need to observe several important precautions:
It is important to put a refrigerator so that the tube coming up from the compressor to the condenser is directed upwards. It is necessary to avoid clogging the system with hardened oil from the compressor. This position is necessary that when the refrigerator is turned on, the oil went not towards the system of the tubes, and back to the compressor and it remains in it.
It is not difficult to determine the desired tube:
Touch the tubes neatly, the temperature can be very high.
The compressor is the heart of the refrigerator, it is important that it remains in the same position during transportation. Shaking, blows and various vibrations can lead to cracks in the tubes or the exit of the entire system. Many models of modern refrigerators are equipped with transport bolts on the compressor, in which case they need to be simply screwed. If there is no such function, you will have to improvise: it is possible to use cardboard or foam for fixation, make them compressor on both sides, but do not overdo it.
Water is the main enemy of electrical appliances, and in the refrigerator water there is quite a lot and, while it is in a frozen state, it will not harm, but in a liquid, can get into chips and not insulated device wiring elements. To avoid damage to the refrigerator, defrost it, remove moisture and leave for a while with the open doors so that the cameras are finally dried.
This is especially important if the shelves are made of glass. When transporting the refrigerator on the side, the likelihood that the shelves will fall and hurt.
For these purposes, it will be suitable: rope, tape, food film, painting tape. Scotch is better not to use, it leaves a poorly washed adhesive mark and can remove the paint layer from the surface of the refrigerator.
When you brought a refrigerator to a new place, do not turn it on 3-5 hours, and it’s better a day, the oil must shove back into the compressor.
Be careful, take care of a reliable fixation of equipment in the body of freight transport and your refrigerator will reach the new place in integrity and safety.
How to transport a refrigerator: lying or standing
Manufacturers strongly indicate that the refrigerator should be transported only in a vertical position, carefully fixing it to the car. This variant of movement minimizes the possibility of damage to parts. When transporting lying, the oil from the compressor can find out and get into the heat exchanger. And this is fraught with a breakdown of equipment, if not to give the refrigerator to settle down after transportation. In addition, if the fact of incorrect transportation of the unit is recorded, the manufacturer will remove it from warranty service.
But from practice it is not always possible to order for transportation vagon to immerse the unit with a height of about two meters in it, and only lyrics will fit the fridge in the passenger car. And here there is a real dilemma: maybe it is possible to move it in a horizontal position? This issue needs to be understood in more detail and explore the device. We will consider all possible options for transportation and preliminary preparation of the refrigerator in a horizontal position in the usual car.
Problems in violation of transportation rules
Neglecting the installed refrigerator transportation rules, the owners of technology are faced with a lot of unpleasant consequences. The most common cause for panic occurs when, after installing in a new place and connecting to the network, the device refuses to work or function faulty.
Do not include the unit immediately after the premises. Motor oil quickly acquires thick consistency in the cold. In order for the oil makeup to warmer and managed to evaporate the resulting condensate, it will take several hours
Often this happens due to mixing wear products with oil, which provokes the engine junction in already operated aggregates.
Also, the reason may be the fact that the oil, spread when transporting, has not yet had time to drain back into the compressor. In turn, it does not start without a sufficient amount of lubrication.
In most cases, it is possible to cope with the problem without loss, giving the technique to settle and acclimatize: 8-16 hours after horizontal transportation, 2-4 hours, subject to warm weather and 4-6 hours. in the frosty winter period. The longer and more difficult was the path, the longer it will be needed on a fixed rest.
Having experience and knowledge, to diagnose and eliminate breakdowns, it is desirable to call the team of specialists. An illiterate intervention in the design of the technique will only increase the scale of the problem and will complicate further repairs
If this time, the refrigerator continues to work incorrectly, it makes sense to talk about more serious factors served to fail. One of the typical breakage belongs to the leakage of freon, provoked by depressurization and various mechanical damages due to improper transportation of the device.
It is determined by several signs:
- The compressor works, but the cooling capacity of the device is significantly reduced;
- The equipment does not turn on, but lighting works in the chamber;
- After starting the unit begins to function, but it turns off shortly;
- The sound or light indicator is triggered, signaling the critical increases in temperature indicators inside the device.
Finding similar signs, it is necessary to find a place where the leakage occurred, replace the filter-desiccant and fed the equipment by Freon. This operation is quite complicated and dangerous, so it is better not to try to cope with her forces.
The next moment that can affect the work of the refrigerator. the compressor breakdown. During transportation, the contacts often disrupt the springs, which hold the rotor.
Because of this, the device may not turn on at all, one of its departments ceases to work, a characteristic bracket of the motor appears. Since the compressor has an unintended design and it has to be replaced by a new one, most likely that the repair will cost.
LG refrigerator carriage in car lying
The refrigerator does not freeze after transportation? This happens if something was done incorrectly, for example:
- When transporting the refrigerator lay on the wrong side or not under the angle.
- Moving parts and parts were not firmly fixed, perhaps there was a break of the tubes, there were cracks in them either in the motor spring.
- The refrigerator hit the truck board or fell.
- The driver led the car is inactively, which led to excessive shacking of liquids.
- Began to exploit the refrigerator, not allowing him to settle.
Incorrect transportation, loading / unloading of the refrigerator can contribute to the exit of its system. The most frequent breakage is a refrigerant leakage, which is caused by depressurization and mechanical damage. Other malfunctions are also distinguished.
- Malfunction If you turn on the refrigerator, the motor will work as usual, but without cooling. It may be a temporary phenomenon and occur from the fact that:
- Cheerful oil. The compressor can stop working due to excess load. It is necessary to turn off the refrigerator and wait a bit.
- Little oil. It is not up to the end of the glass into the tank with the compressor. You should also disable the technique from the outlet and wait.
- The oil fell into the cooling circuit, stirred with freon, and the latter no longer possesses its original properties. Turn off the refrigerator and give it
- more time stand out. If the refrigerator did not start working 4 days later, invite a specialist for blowing tubes.
Can I lie a fridge on its side?
- Fault why only a light bulb is on when the refrigerator is turned on? It may be from the fact that:
- Motor jammed because of too viscous oil or its lack. It is necessary to extend the time of sludge, it happens that the compressor itself comes to normal.
- No freon. all the output during transportation.
- Springs broke out in the compressor or a contact broke out. In these circumstances, you will need to replace the whole motor, as it does not understand.
- Malfunction Compressor works, and the refrigerator does not freeze. This happens because the cooling system tubes were damaged, and Freon has all. Such a malfunction can be determined by a number of features:
- compressor in working condition, but cooling capacity is reduced sharply;
- The refrigerator does not turn off, but the lighting inside works;
- After turning on the network, the refrigerator starts to work, but then turns off;
- The sound or light indicator gives a signal that the temperature is too high inside the device.
If you find at least one sign, find the leakage place, replace the filter-desiccant and add a refrigerant. This is a rather complicated and dangerous process, so it is better to call the masters.
With various disorders and faults, sound or light signals usually appear. In these cases, it is usually necessary to change the compressor, since it is impossible to repair it.
How to transport a refrigerator. lying, standing or in an inclined position
It is better and correct to entrust this work to professionals. Any mover will say that the fridge is safer than all vertically. Then all the aggregates and nodes will be in a natural position.
Important! If you are going to carry in a horizontal position just purchased refrigerator, do not be surprised if the store will deprive you warranty service. Since in this case the manufacturer is not responsible for any malfunction and breakage.
With vertical transportation, you must pay attention to the height of the loading machine. With a refrigerator height, more than 175 cm, the height of the side should be no less than 2 meters. Additionally, the loader is obliged to fix the device with special belts.
This trouble can happen if the refrigerator is wrong horizontal. How to get around, tell a little later. Before placing the order, do not forget to clarify the quality of the packaging of the household appliance. The new refrigerator must be sure to be hidden into the factory shockproof packaging, and the compressor must be fixed with special bolts and struts that absorb shocks. All items (shelves, retractable boxes) must be packed in an individual soldered packaging.
“In no case do not buy the device from the showcase, except for understandable aesthetic inconveniences, most likely, this device can be faulty. It often happens that the product that has already been returned and repaired as “probes”.
Transportation in the inclined position is also allowed. Naturally, from the floor to the floor, on the descent and the rise to the top, the refrigerator does not work strictly vertically, the slope will still be. Manufacturers recommend not to lower the critical inclination angle below 40 °.
Advice! When the refrigerator is designed from the floor or the rise in any case, the refrigerator must be focused down.
In the instructions for any refrigerator unit, it is necessary to indicate whether or not, to transport it. If this requirement is broken, you may encounter the problem of laying the oil from the compressor, which is extremely undesirable. In this case, sooner or later you may encounter a problem in the piston engine system.
Advice! If your refrigerator is equipped with wheels, then on the time of transportation it is better to unscrew.
It is very important to correctly fix all the elements of the refrigerator, remove the shelves and drawers. To at the time of carrying, the unlocked parts did not damage the inner part of the refrigerator. If it is not possible to fix the inner shelves and containers inside the refrigerator, they are better to extract and transport separately from the technique.
Loading and unloading the instrument should be done carefully so as not to break the loops
That is why the entire unit is pre-covered in film and special transportation material. How to do it right, tell below in the article. If necessary, a household appliance can be transported. Of course, you do this at your own risk, but if you follow certain rules, the transportation will be relatively safe.
I do not extend the floor of the cargo car with chunks of dense cardboard or blanket
Turning on the refrigerator after defrosting / moving
Requirements for the delivery of the refrigerator from the store in the apartment are applied and when moving to a new place of residence. This also applies to new devices and old. When buying a used unit, it is also not connected to the network.
After full defrost, the device does not include in the network for two hours. During this time, condensate evaporation occurs. It is spent on washing the device and drying removable compartments.
Defrosting in vivo
Important! Defrosting should occur naturally. You can not use a hairdryer, put the container with hot water. On the full deliverance of the walls of the device and the freezer, from ice of ice takes at least 4 hours.